The Electronic Intifada 15 January 2015
Folke Bernadotte, the first UN Security Council mediator in Palestine, understood fully why refugees must be allowed to return to their homes. In a report published one day after he was assassinated in Jerusalem in September 1948, the Swedish diplomat wrote that it would be “an offense against principles of elemental justice” if Palestinians uprooted by Zionist forces were denied the right of return.
More than 66 years later, that right is still being denied. Arab governments and the West do not appear to care.
Worse, Palestinian refugees in Gaza and Syria have been the victims of brutal attacks in recent years. In many cases, they have been forced to flee once again. Sometimes, they climb onto packed boats for voyages in the Mediterranean that can lead to death.
My own experience is shared by numerous other Palestinians.
Until 1948, my family lived in Nazareth. Yet they were forced out of Palestine during the Nakba (Arabic for catastrophe), the ethnic cleansing at the time of Israel’s establishment that year.
No longer safe
My family took refuge in Yarmouk, a camp in Damascus. For me, Yarmouk was a home away from home.
As a youth activist, I was impressed by its strong sense of community. Since 2004, I have worked on various refugee projects, not just with Palestinians but also with Lebanese and Iraqis.
When the uprising against Bashar al-Assad’s regime began in 2011, the Palestinians of Yarmouk tried to remain neutral. Our neutrality did not protect us from either Assad’s forces or from rebels, however. Not long ago, Yarmouk was the capital of the Palestinian diaspora in Syria. Today, the camp has been destroyed.
In November 2012, I left Syria. Continuous harassment of activists by the regime meant that I no longer felt safe.
I decided to head for Lebanon, where I had built up a strong network of contacts. There, I renewed my residency permit as often as I could.
“We don’t trust your intentions”
Living in Beirut, I attempted to obtain visas for a number of countries. My applications were refused on the basis that I am a Palestinian refugee from Syria.
In June 2013, I applied for a visa for the UK, aiming to attend an Oxford University summer school focusing on forced migration. I wanted to improve my knowledge about issues of migration and refugees beyond that which I had directly experienced.
Even though I had been accepted for the summer school by Oxford and a donor had generously agreed to pay my fees, the British authorities turned me down. A letter from them stated: “We do not trust your intentions.”
I had better luck with Sweden. Last year, I was able to get a visa to attend a “young leaders’ visitors program” run by the Swedish Institute. But I also got bad news while I was in Sweden: I learned that Lebanon was preventing Palestinian refugees from Syria from entering its territory. So I could not go back to Beirut.
Despite all this, you could say I’m one of the lucky ones. I’m in Sweden and have the option to study, work and travel inside the EU. The tens of thousands Palestinians who fled Syria to Lebanon face much worse.
Meanwhile, Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian Authority’s leader, has renounced the Palestinian right of return. He appears more interested in having his photograph taken with world leaders in Paris than in defending the rights of his people.
Abbas does not represent ordinary Palestinians. For us, the right of return is a central issue. It will remain so — until this most fundamental of rights is realized.
Nael Bitarie is a Palestinian activist from Syria living in Sweden. He is co-founder of the Lebanon-based group Sawa for Development and Aid and is a board member and consultant for the Jafra Foundation in Syria.
- Folke Bernadotte
- right of return
- Palestinian refugees in Syria
- Mahmoud Abbas
Permalink Jane a jew who rejects zionism Zacher replied on
I am not in a position to help you financially or physical situational, because my local politicians, ignore my pleas for your justice, here in the States. However, you have my spiritual support, and will include you in my daily mediations. I know it's not what you need, but hopefully The Great Spirit of my understanding will listen, because my cries to my God, go unheard. Stat strong.
Permalink Nael Bitarie replied on
Thank you for your kind words!
Let's talk about what we can do for the Yamouk camp.
Permalink Koichi Sakaguchi replied on
I am a Japanese activist for the Palestine. First note,Don't take me as rich Japanese> Plus unfortunately almost all of the Japanese,they are basically not interested the Palestine issues. But I really feel we have to do something for Gaza and Yamouk. We need talk to the way to get there ,to bring what they need.
my email address is email@example.com plz contact as soon.
Permalink Nael Bitarie replied on
Thank you for your support!
The Right of Return and the Future
Permalink Zionism Is Not Judaism replied on
The importance of "the right of return" is that it slams shut once and for all, in the future, the concept that the wholesale dispossession (ethnic cleansing) of a group of people based on race, ethnicity, national origin, religion or class is an acceptable action. It is not.
Arab civil wars show why the right of return is impractical.
Permalink Michael Piston replied on
The civil war in Syria and elsewhere throughout the Middle East demonstrates precisely why Israel correctly opposes a return of Palestinian Arabs to Israel proper. In Syria Sunni Arabs are locked in a virtually genocidal war of extinction against Alawites, Christians and Shia. In Lebanon 150,000 Arabs of Christian, Sunni and Shia descent massacred each other in a 3 war civil war between 1975 and 1990. In Iraq Sunnis have slaughtered hundreds of thousands of Shia and continue to bomb unprotected Shia civilians on a regular basis.
It would be simply insane for Israel to invite large numbers of Palestinian Arabs to live in Jewish majority areas when they can't even live peacefully with their fellow Arabs of different denominations of the same religion. If and when the West Bank and/or Gaza become independent states then exiled Palestinians can move there where they will be surrounded by people of their own ethnicity and forms of worship and so may be able to refrain from wiping each other out.
I would encourage you to read
Permalink nael replied on
I would encourage you to read the history of the region from reliable sources and see it from different angles with a critical eye. You are using a racist discourse to justify the atrocities committed and are still being committed by Israel against the Palestinians. The right of return is not a notion that can be discussed. It is a right morally and guaranteed by international law. The sectarianism that we are unfortunately witnessing in the region is the making of colonial powers that have and still instil hatred and divisions within MENA communities.
Again, I encourage you to reconsider your argument that is racist, not even valid or logical.