Police execution of disabled Palestinian is a war crime

Palestinians with disabilities in Gaza City protest against the Israeli police killing of Iyad Hallaq in Jerusalem, 3 June.

Mahmoud Ajjour APA images

The Israeli police killing of a Palestinian man with disabilities in Jerusalem last month amounts to an extrajudicial execution, the group Al-Haq stated in an urgent appeal to United Nations human rights experts on Tuesday.

Iyad Hallaq “posed no threat to the lives of those around him at the time” of his slaying in Jerusalem’s Old City on 30 May. His killing is a war crime giving rise to “individual criminal responsibility,” the Palestinian human rights group added.

Hallaq had “an intellectual disability with autistic traits that limited his interaction with the outside world and physical disabilities that affected his hearing and movement,” Al-Haq said.

The 31-year-old “had previously shared his fears about the Israeli police with his parents,” Al-Haq, which investigated his killing, stated in its urgent appeal.

Hallaq was on his way to the Elwyn Center, a school for persons with disabilities that he had attended daily for six years, when Israeli Border Police called on him to stop walking.

Due to his fear of the police, Hallaq began running towards his school.

Warda Abu Hadid, Hallaq’s caregiver, saw Hallaq running and shouted at the police, telling them in Arabic and Hebrew that Hallaq was disabled.

The police, who claimed to have believed that Hallaq was armed, ignored Abu Hadid’s calls and shot Hallaq with live fire as he continued running.

When an officer asked Abu Hadid, “Where is the pistol?” the caregiver stated again that Hallaq was disabled. Shot in the foot, Hallaq pointed at Abu Hadid and told the officer she was his teacher.

“Then, after five minutes of apparent premeditation, the Israeli Border Police officer shot three live bullets at Iyad, from a distance not exceeding five meters.”

Caregiver traumatized, family home raided

Hallaq was holding nothing in his hands when he was killed, according to Al-Haq’s investigation.

Israeli occupation forces failed to provide Hallaq with medical treatment immediately following his injury.

Twenty minutes later, after the director of the Elwyn Center arrived at the scene and said that Hallaq was one of her students, Israeli forces allowed an ambulance to reach the injured man.

Hallaq’s caregiver, Abu Hadid, was assaulted by police and taken to a nearby station, where she was forced to take off her head covering and clothing.

She was held there for around two hours before being taken to the notorious Russian Compound, where she was interrogated for three hours before being released.

Abu Hadid, who had a police gun pointed at her head in the moments leading up to Hallaq’s fatal shooting, was left “shivering and in a state of hysteria, amounting to prohibited ill-treatment,” Al-Haq stated.

Meanwhile, Israeli forces raided the Hallaq family’s home, searching it and assaulting his family members. It was then that the family was informed that Hallaq had been killed.

Israel has withheld surveillance camera footage from the area where Hallaq was killed and a gag order was imposed on the Hallaq family’s lawyer to prevent information about court proceedings from being shared with the public, according to Al-Haq.

The willful killing of Hallaq “entails the individual criminal responsibility” of the perpetrators of his killing, “as well as that of Israeli military and civilian officials who drafted and approved Israel’s rules of engagement for the use of live fire,” Al-Haq stated.

The group called for third states to “activate universal jurisdiction mechanisms” and called for “the immediate opening” of an investigation by the International Criminal Court to hold Israel accountable.

Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s prime minister, decried the killing as “a tragedy” and urged for an “complete investigations into this matter.”

However, human rights groups have long dismissed Israel’s self-investigations as whitewashing mechanisms, the true purpose of which is to discourage international judicial scrutiny.

Palestinians with disabilities killed

For example, Israel absolved itself over the killing of Ibrahim Abu Thurayya, a double-amputee who was shot during protests in the Gaza Strip in December 2017.

Occupation forces killed several other Palestinians with disabilities during the Great March of Return protests that were launched in Gaza a few months after Abu Thurayya was killed.

One of them was Fadi Abu Salmi who, like Abu Thurayya, had lost his legs during Israeli airstrikes years earlier.

He was shot in the chest while sitting in his wheelchair under a tree with friends during Great March of Return protests on 14 May 2018.

A UN commission of inquiry found that Abu Salmi “did not pose an imminent threat of life or injury to [Israeli] soldiers at the time he was killed.”

That commission of inquiry found that occupation forces may have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity by using lethal military force against unarmed protesters in Gaza. Those crimes include Israeli snipers intentionally shooting people with disabilities knowing them to be people with disabilities.

Israel systematically resorts to excessive use of force, including against Palestinians with disabilities, according to Al-Haq.

Ten Palestinians with disabilities, “five of whom had psychosocial, intellectual or developmental disabilities,” were killed by Israeli forces in 2018, according to the group.

Among them was Muhammad Habali, who was shot while walking away from the direction of soldiers’ fire during a raid on the West Bank city of Tulkarm.

Al-Haq stated at the time that Habali “was born with a mental disability, which left him with difficulties recognizing his surroundings and identifying threats and risk consequences.”

Video shows that Habali posed no conceivable threat to anyone when he was killed.




Netanyahu calls the killing a tragedy and calls for an investigation thereby revealing that he has to pay at least lip service to moral norms. What about the Bedouin girl kidnapped, raped and murdered by IDF soldiers on 22nd August 1949, an event noted in Ben Gurion's diaries. Was that a tragedy that requires investigation? Why were the perpetrators tried secretly and the short sentences most of them received reduced on appeal? One atrocity among many in the history of the oppression of the Palestinians. But Netanyahu knows Israel has to claim to uphold the moral and legal norms the international order putatively upholds. In truth, of course, they are violated daily in pursuit of wealth and power. Yet among the common folk they tend to be taken more seriously. Israel can't afford to be seen as the sponsor of terror it was when the King David hotel was blown up. But its efforts are unavailing when the world can witness a disabled an being summarily executed in the street because he as an Arab. That is the appalling truth. Just as it was true that George Floyd was executed on the street for being black. Netanyahu is on record as saying terrorism is always wrong. Will he then retrospectively condemn the terrorism of the Irgun, Lehi and the Hagana, and their leaders, some of whom went on to become Israel's leaders? What he really knows is that world order is founded on the use of force and Israel fully subscribes. What we require to end such tragedies is a world order founded on democracy, legality and peaceful resolution of disputes. How can we take seriously a man who wants to annex territory seized in war in blank defiance of international law? And of course, he complies with the lie that Israel faced attack in 1967, which Begin himself denied. The day Netanyahu speaks the truth is unlikely to dawn.


What most people don't realize is that the atrocities committed by the police state in U.S. against the blacks is a daily occurrence in Israeli occupied Palestine. That our PM opposes the ICC investigation of Israeli war crimes is a disgrace to Canada.


It's absolutely shocking. How can any human condone or even do this kind of thing? Especially people who've experienced it. How can they have the incredible inhumanity to behave in this manner. Their Mothers allow this? Doesn't matter what their leader says only what their paid soldiers do and it's completely and utterly unacceptable. From China to Israel to the US to everywhere. Completely unacceptable.

Maureen Clare Murphy

Maureen Clare Murphy's picture

Maureen Clare Murphy is senior editor of The Electronic Intifada.