Rights and Accountability 17 October 2014
Details given in a confidential briefing this week confirm that the UN has agreed to become the chief enforcer of Israel’s ongoing siege of Gaza.
Under the guise of reconstruction, the UN will be monitoring and gathering private information about Palestinian households to be passed onto Israel, which will have a veto over which families get aid to rebuild their homes.
This was presented as part of an effort to try to entrench and legitimize the Israeli-backed Ramallah-based Palestinian Authority of Mahmoud Abbas in Gaza.
Under the arrangements, Israel will be given even more intrusive control over the lives of Palestinians in Gaza, who will be subjected to onerous ongoing monitoring as they try to rebuild their houses, communities and lives following Israel’s summer massacre.
UN agencies estimate that almost 90,000 homes must be rebuilt, in addition to hundreds of schools and other major infrastructure systematically destroyed in Israel’s attack, or degraded by years of blockade.
At a recent donor conference, $5.4 billion was pledged to help rebuild Gaza, but as The Electronic Intifada reported, half of the money will be diverted to fill holes in the PA budget.
This week UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who has faced forceful Palestinian criticism for his own inaction and complicity in the face of the Israeli attack, visited the devastated Gaza Strip.
There, he said the destruction caused by Israel was “beyond description.”
The next stage of Israel’s blockade
The high-level briefing was given by Nicholas O’Regan, country director of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and a colleague, in Jerusalem on Tuesday.
It was attended by more than a dozen heads and senior officials from international nongovernmental organizations and joined by colleagues in Gaza by telephone.
An attendee gave The Electronic Intifada a detailed account of the briefing because they were alarmed at its contents and felt Palestinians had a right to know what was being kept from them.
But the attendee asked to remain anonymous because they were not authorized by their agency to speak publicly about the matter.
The UN factsheet below on the so-called “Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism” provides an overview, but not all the details of what was revealed in the briefing.
The attendee said that at the outset O’Regan warned participants, “Be careful what you put out from this meeting. Don’t undermine this. Think about all the people who want to have their houses rebuilt.”
But the attendee concluded that O’Regan was using the plight of Palestinians to cover up the controversial political aspects of the deal which was brokered between Israel and the PA last month by Robert Serry, United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process (UNSCO) – although its details have been kept under wraps.
“This is the next stage of Israel’s blockade of Gaza,” the attendee said. “It started with a very crude blanket blockade, where pencils and coriander were not allowed in, but now it is becoming much more sophisticated, like the occupation of the West Bank. And now, the international actors are being embedded and made complicit in the siege.”
The secretive nature of the negotiations and now the details of the agreement have antagonized international aid groups working in Gaza.
The mood at other key UN agencies appears to be one of sullen resignation rather than enthusiasm.
“We welcome the new mechanism and hope it becomes functional as soon as possible to ensure that Gaza’s reconstruction needs are fully met,” Chris Gunness, spokesperson for UNRWA, the UN agency for Palestine refugees, told The Electronic Intifada.
But he added, “While the mechanism must facilitate full reconstruction it cannot be a substitute for the complete lifting of the blockade including for exports, a position which UNRWA and the international community strenuously demands.”
“Gaza has moved beyond the realm of humanitarian action alone. We also need political action to resolve the underlying causes of the conflict. Without this and accountability for violations of international law by all parties to the conflict we fear a return to the unsustainable pattern of blockade, rockets and destruction,” Gunness said.
According to the attendee, O’Regan said repeatedly that the UNSCO deal is all about the “legitimate Government of Palestine rebuilding Gaza.”
O’Regan claimed that the UN had only gotten involved at the request of the “Government of Palestine” and that the “process is owned and led by the Government of Palestine, under the Ministry of Civil Affairs.”
But despite the PA – the so-called “Government of Palestine” – serving as the public front, the details revealed in the meeting indicate that the UN is now colluding to entrench, not lift, Israel’s siege.
This could be seen, the attendee said, in the four-stage mechanism for individuals to rebuild their homes in Gaza.
Before reconstruction gets underway, vendors – authorized businesses that will procure building materials and distribute them to end-users in Gaza – must be approved. UN officials have already paid visits to six out of an expected twelve vendors.
Vendors are nominated first by the PA and then the UN inspects them. Selection criteria include such things as having secure facilities, CCTV cameras and an inventory system to account for every bag of cement.
The restrictions are motivated by Israel’s demand that Palestinians be unable to use so-called “dual-use” items to exercise their right of resistance and self-defense against Israeli occupation and repeated attacks.
No such international controls have been placed on Israel, the occupying power that is in violation of dozens of UN resolutions, to prevent it from obtaining weapons or other supplies it uses to occupy and colonize Palestinians or to attack Gaza.
Information passed to Israel
Then comes the four-stage process Palestinian households must go through. It begins with a needs assessment for families whose homes were destroyed. Data for each household including confidential information like family ID card numbers, GPS coordinates of the family’s home and other personal information is then put into a database ostensibly under the control of the PA.
Once the information is in the database, Israel will be given forty-eight hours to object to any name on the list.
According to the attendee, O’Regan said that the UN itself was not sharing information with Israel, but that this sharing would be done by the PA and it would be up to the PA to decide what information to share.
But, according to the attendee, “this is nonsense. If the UN is doing the needs assessments along with the PA, then it is a joint information-gathering and information-sharing effort.”
The attendee said that giving Israel an effective veto over who gets aid violates a fundamental principle of humanitarian aid agencies against beneficiary vetting based on such criteria as religion or political affiliation. “But that’s what the database allows, with the support and complicity of the UN,” the attendee said.
“Throughout this whole talk [O’Regan] tried as much as he could to make the UN seem a very naive player who is just doing this to support the PA,” he observed.
Once the needs assessments are done, the approved vendors will order supplies through Israel and vendors will have to be able to track every item down to the last bag of cement.
Orders will be done in bulk through the PA, which will work with the vendors. This raises concerns not only about the high potential for corruption and profiteering by PA-linked middlemen, but the likelihood that Israel will be the main beneficiary.
With Israel severely restricting their access to world markets, Palestinians must buy the bulk of their cement from an Israeli near-monopoly called Nesher Israel Cement Enterprises, a company deeply involved in exploiting the occupied West Bank, including the construction of illegal colonies.
In the third stage, after vendors have received the supplies, families will be able to pick up their building materials on presentation of their IDs. They will receive only the exact amount of supplies called for in the needs assessment.
And then many families will be subject to strict monitoring. UN monitors will perform a “desk review” of ten percent of cases and then up to a fifth of those will have on-site spot checks by some one hundred monitors.
Job notices for “supply chain specialists” to monitor the building materials coming into Gaza have been posted by a United Arab Emirates-based multinational contractor called CTG Global, which works for governments and militaries around the world and which has apparently been contracted by the UN to enforce the new regime.
O’Regan presented this inspection regime – reminiscent of the controls Iraq was placed under during the decade before the 2003 US-led invasion – as being about “reconstruction with integrity, to make sure the most needy receive their aid.”
The process for large-scale projects – schools, roads, the power plant and sewage facilities – will be similar to the one for individual households. The PA will submit each project proposal to Israel and Israel will approve the projects on a case-by-case basis, leaving it in overall control.
The timeframe for such approval has not even been agreed. O’Regan told the briefing that the mechanism is already up and running and the first bags of cement have already entered Gaza.
And while O’Regan described the arrangements as “temporary,” they have no end-date – giving a high likelihood that like so many other “temporary” arrangements governing the lives of Palestinians, this one too will become permanent.
Gaza as SuperMax Prison
The details of the UNSCO arrangements come just days after revelations in the Israeli media about Israel’s new approach to the besieged Gaza Strip.
As Israeli journalist Dimi Reider reports for Middle East Eye, the new Israeli strategy “represents a decisive shift away from the idea of negotiating an independent state for the Palestinians and toward a tightly monitored ‘conflict management’ approach. Under this approach, Palestinians will be allowed greater freedom of movement and greater autonomy, but under close Israeli and international surveillance.”
What this means for Gaza is alarming, as Reider reports:
True, the influx of construction material and other goods into the Strip will doubtless be a great relief to the artificially starved Gazan economy. But the tight, almost dystopian new controls envisioned in the plan underline Israel’s approach to the Strip as being first and foremost a gigantic prison – only it is being upgraded from a third-world prison camp to an American cutting-edge SuperMax facility. Much of the more tantalizing promises should be taken with a heap of salt: complete freedom of movement except where security concerns are raised is pretty much what Gazans enjoy today; it just so happens that all of them, together and apart, are seen as security concerns.
He adds: “The reconstruction sites will then be monitored by Israeli drones, to make sure no materials are used for any other purpose and that each bit of materiel is accounted for.”
And matching the attendee’s account of the briefing, “Private homes will be rebuilt by private but also Israeli-vetted Gaza contractors, who will manage the construction materials through special software accessible also to Israel, and whose works will also be monitored by drones.”
The attendee’s account of O’Regan’s briefing given to The Electronic Intifada also accords with an account of the arrangements leaked to The Guardian earlier this month.
“Critics argue that plans for monitoring the import, storage and sales of building materials – including installing video cameras, setting up a team of international inspectors and the creation of a database of suppliers and consumers – are more appropriate for a suspect nuclear program than a postwar reconstruction effort,” The Guardian observed.
Dr. Ramy Abdu, chair of Euro-Mid Observer For Human Rights, also discussed some leaked information about the plan in an article in Arabic at Alaraby Aljadid earlier this month.
Gaza is to become ground zero for disaster capitalism, profiting from the suffering and incarceration of an entire population.
This is the Gaza Siege 2.0. And it is brought to the Palestinian people with the full complicity of the UN, the Palestinian Authority and the so-called “international community.”
- Gaza siege
- Robert Serry
- Nicholas O'Regan
- Chris Gunness
- Gaza reconstruction
- Palestinian Authority
- Mahmoud Abbas
- disaster capitalism
- Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism
Permalink Michael replied on
The report contains inaccurate as well as false representations from the meeting. I can say that as i was there.
For the purpose of ensuring accurate and reliable reporting, the attendee should either be identified or the report should be draw on more then one source to corroborate what is presented.
This issue is not served by mis-information.
I’m obviously not going to
Permalink Ali Abunimah replied on
I’m obviously not going to identify a source, but you are welcome to explain what inaccuracies you think there are. You are free to contact me confidentially (and you are also free to do as you ask of the attendee and identify yourself).
The attendee’s account was precise and detailed and the substance is corroborated by The Guardian report, by details in Dimi Reider’s article which is cited, and by another source who I spoke to off the record.
I’m very satisfied with the quality of the information, but urge you to get in touch with any specifics.
re Michael. So O’Regan, UN,
Permalink eGuard replied on
re Michael. So O’Regan, UN, says: "Be careful what you put out from this meeting. Don’t undermine this. Think about all the people who want to have their houses rebuilt." (The UN wants these houses to be rebuilt secretly? Abbas wants a new house? Public accountability is 'underming'? Does undermining that mean you'd be terror-tunneling?
O’Regan can go public.
Permalink Vacy Vlazna replied on
In the name of transparency, as an attendee, you have only identified yourself as 'michael'..there are millions of michaels in the world.
Permalink Vacy Vlazna replied on
This important expose is depressingly predictable- given the combination of UN incompetence and subservience to the US, PA corruption and self-interest with Israel's resolute tenacity to the Eretz Israel goal. What happened to the Hamas rhetoric of resistance? This deal has dishonoured the sacred martyrs of Gaza and those who love them.
And your solution is?
Permalink George replied on
And the alternative is? Seems the US, EU, Egypt or Qatar do not have the political will or ability to force Israel to lift the blockade. The electronic intifada doesn't seem to offer a solution, nor does anyone else, only criticism. In the mean time at least O'Regan has found a way to ensure those 90,000 families don't have to go cold this winter. Agreed let's lift the illegal siege. But if Obama can't do it I am sure O'Regan can't but good on O'Regan for having the courage to find an interim solution while all others are willing to do is offer criticism. Easy to sit on the side lines and mouth off.
These restrictions aren't UN idea...
Permalink Ariel replied on
but a way to conform with Israel requirements. Did anyone expect anything different?
THANKS TO A.A.----I SIGN MY NAME TO THIS AND MORE...
Permalink Peter Loeb replied on
Oppressors, destroyers, criminals, murderers should not in any way have
any decisive role (vote etc.) in any reconstruction. Would you ask a rapist
whether or not the victim should receive reward? Would all information
go to the rapist/criminal who caused the problem(s)? And on and on.
One source of basic difficulty is not "Hamas rhetoric" but the glorification
of any "two state solution". It is not Hamas but many others who
have in many analyses long ago documented the fabrication of this
myth. When one colonial power (Israel) is consistently supported by
billion dollar defense allocations etc., tax relief in the US for "charity" to
build more settlements and the like, neither the UN nor the US can
continue to present the fabrication of any "two-state" solution.
The West Bank should be evacuated ny Israelis. Occupation must end now.
The so-called "security wall" already declared illegal by the UN must come
down. (Caterpillar D-9s should be provided to the State of Palestine
for this purpose courtesy of the US armed forces.)
I sign my name to that.
The issue should instead be whether or not the State of Israel should be
sanctioned, embargoed, coerced into random inspections to disarm of
all nuclear and other WMD sites. I believe it should. Whether a nation such
as Israel should be permitted to continue as a Member in the UN at all
is also an issue. Israel refused to follow UN decisions, agreemernts etc.
You can sign my name to that too.
As in other "sanctions" all other industries, states which continue to deal
with the sanctioned, embargoed state should know the consequences (adverse
NOTE: None of the above has been cleared by a "Hamas rhetoric".
Peter Loeb, Boston, MA USA
I sign my name
Permalink D. Etheridge, Ohio USA replied on
I agree with you...I SIGN MY NAME TOO.
FED UP WITH THE HORRIBLE CONTROL BY OCCUPIERS THAT REFUSE TO COME UNDER SCRUTINY FOR THEIR OWN HORRIBLE SECRETS. PASSING THEIR GUILT ONTO PALESTINIANS. I HOPE A WORLDWIDE PROTEST BECOMES THE GREATER POWER USED BY GOD. FREE PALESTINE...BOYCOTT ISRAEL COMPLETELY.
Thanks to A A
Permalink Tess replied on
I agree with you entirely. Everyone must know that the criminal state of Israel will continue to oppress, destroy and murder at will as long as none of our so-called leaders not only don't have the courage or the decency to stop them, but continue to reward their evil acts with huge sums of money for everything and anything and unlimited weapons, while the criminals laugh behind their hands at our stupidity. It is truly obscene.
"COURAGE AND DECENCY"
Permalink Peter Loeb replied on
With thanks to Tess, most leaders and/or men and women of power do NOT
base actions on "courage and decency" .
Our task is to persuade such persons and entities that it is in their own
interest to cease their brutal warring colonialism.
This strategy is long-range and must be based on knowlegde, power realities (not
myths and illusions) where you are.
In terms of the upcoming election(s) in the USA, I have made the very
personal decision that no candidate or party entity which fails to oppose
Israeli actions is worthy of my vote. (If there were an alternative, I would take
it.) Last time I made a very few exceptions. I supported the two candidates from this state who in the interim have been admirable.
The exception is that they only recognize Israel's perspective (eg AIPAC).
I do not see this as "apathy" but more as courage (if not outrage). I also
fully comprehend that any weakening of support of Israel on their parts
would lead to their defeats .
To repeat to Tess and others: Our goal is to provide a REASON for those
in power to alter their behaviors. EI well-documented articles are one
way. BDS as an economic group focusing on economic factors is
Peter Loeb, Boston, MA, USA
Permalink Tanya Kasim replied on
This plan reminds me of what I read in Naomi Klein's book, The Shock Doctrine, about disaster capitalism. It is disaster capitalism in which the Palestinian people are not the beneficiaries.
palestine and Israel
Permalink Robert Groenhuijzen replied on
remember. Since the 1980's israel is no longer a state. It is only a military Vanguard of the West. It is fighting for the West to controle the oil. The west knows: if we lose the Middle East, we will lose the war.
So israel has no other means than weapens and war. It is the only task the country has. Don't expect to get normal answers or to get a reasonable statement. They make war till they lose. And they will