Delegation of Israeli, Palestinian and international women leaders achieve historic agreement on principles for Middle East peace and urge international support.
A delegation of top Israeli, Palestinian and international women leaders arrive at the United Nations on September 20th to meet with President of the Republic of Finland Tarja Halonen, at a time when Finland holds the Presidency of the European Union, in an effort to marshal high-level political pressure to restart negotiations in the region. Joining the President of Finland will be President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf of Liberia, Africa’s first elected woman head of state, who traveled to the occupied Palestinian territory in 2001 to hear the stories of women living in conflict as part of the Independent Experts’ Assessment on the impact of war on women, commissioned by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). It is hoped that together these leaders, representing both the North and the South, can begin to focus international attention on the need to resolve the long-standing Israeli-Palestinian conflict so as to prevent broader conflict in the region. Taking advantage of the opening of the 61st Session of the UN General Assembly, they are also meeting with Mr. Amr Moussa, who heads the League of Arab States, and with critical foreign ministers, as well as with high-level UN officials.
The International Women’s Commission for a Just and Sustainable Israeli-Palestinian Peace (IWC) convened in 2005 by Noeleen Heyzer, the Executive Director of UNIFEM, at the urging of Israeli and Palestinian women leaders, was established to ensure the meaningful participation of women in mainstream peace negotiations. IWC maintains that implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325, which mandates women’s involvement in conflict resolution, is critical to restarting negotiations and improving their outcomes. The IWC charter stresses the goal of bringing an end to Israeli occupation through immediate final status negotiations, leading to a viable sovereign Palestinian state alongside the state of Israel. Since its inception, IWC has succeeded in joining women living in different realities and experiences to speak out on the most difficult political issues in one voice.
Leading the delegation to New York are Dr. Hanan Ashrawi, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council, and Dr. Naomi Chazan, former Deputy Speaker of the Israeli Knesset and professor of political science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
The IWC has agreed to the following principles, which will be presented to the heads of state in New York:
Members of the IWC at the UN meeting will include: Dr. Hanan Ashrawi, Member, Palestinian Legislative Council; Ms. Zahira Kamal, former Minister of Women’s Affairs, Palestinian Authority; Ms. Samia Y.M. Bamieh, former Director of European Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Dr. Naomi Chazan, Professor of Political Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Ms. Aida Touma-Sliman, General Director, Women against Violence Organization; Dr. Galia Golan, Professor Emeritus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Ms. Leire Pajin Iraola, State Secretary for International Cooperation, Spain; Ms. Noeleen Heyzer, Executive Director of UNIFEM; and other prominent international figures from Europe and the United States.
In August, 2005 Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas recognized the IWC through an official decree. Before leaving for the UN meeting, the Palestinian delegation met with President Abbas to brief him and gained his support. In Israel, the IWC launch coincided with the adoption in the Knesset of a law calling for implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, giving credence to the IWC.
With support of its international members and facilitation of UNIFEM, an IWC delegation visited Brussels in December 2005 to meet with EU officials. A visit to New York and Washington took place in May 2006, providing the IWC with a dialogue with high-level officials in the United Nations and in Washington, including Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and UN Under-Secretary for Political Affairs, Ibrahim Gambari.
Going forward, the IWC hopes to achieve a breakthrough in negotiations and offer policymakers a stake in resolving the Israel-Palestine conflict with fresh, incisive political analysis and innovative proposals from women leaders for actions and strategies that can serve to advance the peace process.