Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Escalate Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), and Isolate the Gaza Strip from the Outside World
29 June - 5 July 2006
As the international community has remained silent, IOF have continued to wage a full scale offensive on the Palestinian people, especially in the Gaza Strip. PCHR, monitoring with utmost concern the developments of this offensive, calls upon the international community, particularly the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and United Nations Agency, to immediately intervene to force IOF to stop this offensive and allow the passage of foodstuffs, medical supplies and fuels into the Gaza Strip. PCHR warns the international community of the policies of collective punishment and reprisals practiced by IOF against the Palestinian civilian population, especially the destruction of electricity sources and the denial of passage of foodstuffs and fuels into the Gaza Strip, which will lead to a humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.
PCHR believe that the international conspiracy of silence and US official statements that Israel has the right to take all measures that could ensure the release of a captured Israeli soldier, constitute a green light for IOF to wage a full scale offensive and impose a tightened siege on the Gaza Strip.
During the reported period, IOF continued to impose strict siege on the Gaza Strip and attack civilian facilities, using their highly developed arsenal without paying any consideration to proportionality in the use of force. IOF also threatened to extra-judicially execute Palestinian political leaders in the Gaza Strip. In the west Bank, IOF arrested 7 Palestinian ministers and 24 members of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) representing Hamas. Thus, the number of ministers arrested by IOF has increased to 8.
The outcome of crimes committed by IOF since 25 June 2006:
Israeli violations of international law continued in the OPT during the reported period (29 June – 5 July 2006):
Killing: During the reported period, IOF killed 9 Palestinians (6 in the Gaza Strip and 3 in the West Bank). In the Gaza Strip, 4 Palestinians were killed by IOF air strikes and the remaining two were killed when IOF gunboats shelled a site of the Palestinian Naval Force in the northern Gaza Strip. In the West Bank, IOF killed one Palestinian when they attacked a number of members of the Palestinian resistance in a cemetery in Nablus. They also extra-judicially executed two Palestinian in two separate attacks in Jenin and Jericho.
In addition, 71 Palestinians, including 18 children, were wounded by the IOF gunfire in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
In the Gaza Strip, IOF launched a series of air strikes on civilian targets and mock air raids using fighter jets and helicopter gunships. During the reported period, they attacked the office of the Palestinian Prime Minister Isma’il Haniya, the office of the Minister of Interior Sa’id Siam and the building of the Ministry of Interior. During the reported period, IOF fired at least 86 air-to-surface missiles and hundreds of artillery shells at dozens of civilian targets, including educational institutions and electricity facilities in the Gaza Strip.
Incursions: During the reported period. IOF conducted at least 81 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During these incursions, IOF raided houses and arrested 7 ministers, 24 PLC members and 71 other civilians, including 6 children and two women. Thus, the number of Palestinians arrested by IOF since the beginning of 2006 has increased to 1940. IOF also raided at least 35 civil institutions and closed a number of them. During the reported period, IOF invaded and reoccupied areas in the northern Gaza Strip, while they have continued to occupy Gaza International Airport in the southern Gaza Strip. In addition, IOF conducted a number of limited incursions into Palestinian areas in the Gaza Strip, during which they arrested two Palestinians, demolished 5 houses, transformed 6 other houses into military sites and used 6 Palestinian civilians as human shields. IOF also razed large areas of agricultural land in the Gaza Strip. The southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah lack electricity supplies as the electricity network of the town was destroyed, an IOF have denied access of maintenance crews to areas occupied by IOF to repair the network. In these incursions, IOF employed undercover units and trained dogs.
Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a comprehensive siege on the OPT, in violation of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of Palestinian civilians.
Following an attack launched by Palestinian militants on 25 June 2006 near the Israeli-Egyptian border, southeast of Rafah, which left two IOF soldiers and two of the attackers dead and a third IOF soldier missing, IOF have closed all border crossings of the Gaza Strip.
IOF have closed Rafah International Crossing Point, even though they do not directly control it. They have prevented European observers working at the crossing point form reaching it. According to information gathered by PCHR, the number of Palestinians stuck in Egypt is more than 3,000. Most of them have been forced to stay in different cities including Cairo, al-Arish and Egyptian Rafah. These Palestinians had traveled to Egypt or through Egypt to other destinations for the purposes of medical treatment, education, visiting relatives or work. In addition, scores of expatriate Palestinian families living in the Gulf States, who had traveled to Rafah International Crossing Point to spend the summer in Gaza, were forced to return to the Gulf. Furthermore, more than 400 Palestinians, mostly patients, are stuck in the waiting hall at the Egyptian side of Rafah Crossing. They are enduring extremely difficult conditions due to the hot weather and lack of adequate services and facilities, especially for patients. These patients were returning to Gaza after undergoing medical treatment abroad, including surgery. Some of the patients have undergone heart, ophthalmic or orthopedic surgeries. Such patients require special facilities that are not available at the border. Travelers are deprived of services required to meet their basic needs, especially for women, children and the elderly. Furthermore, they are being forcibly separated from their families in the Gaza Strip. During the reported period, IOF refused to allow the transfer of the body of a Palestinian patient who died at an Egyptian hospital into the Gaza Strip. His family was forced to bury him in Egypt.
IOF have closed commercial crossings of the Gaza Strip. As a consequence, the economic situation inside the Gaza Strip has further deteriorated and many goods have been lacked in markets. IOF have prevented the free flow of fuel, food and medical supplies since. The Gaza Strip was suffering from a lack gas and fuel even before the latest tightening of the closure. On Sunday, 2 July 2006, IOF reopened the crossing for 5 hours to allow the importation of some basic foodstuffs and limited amounts of fuel, which do not meet the actual needs of the Gaza Strip. IOF re-closed the crossing contrary to their claims that the crossing would be open for 4 days. According to Palestinian official sources, these amounts meet the needs of the Gaza Strip for a few days only.
IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on Palestinian communities in the West Bank. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to separate the north and south of the West Bank. For this purpose, they have imposed severe restrictions one movement through Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, and re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint, north of Ramallah. They have also erected two new checkpoints near Ramallah. During the reported period, IOF positioned at various checkpoints around Nablus imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. They have also continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement on Palestinian civilians to and from Tulkarm. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank abused a number of Palestinian civilians. During the reported period, IOF at checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 3 Palestinian civilians.
Annexation Wall: IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank. During the reported period, IOF issued a military order seizing at least 25 donums of land in the Beit Oula village, west of Hebron. They also razed areas of land to establish a fence near “Kermi Tsur” settlement, north of Hebron. During the reported period, IOF used forced to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to the construction of the Wall in Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah, and Halhoul and Beit Ummar villages, north of Hebron. IOF fired rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators. As a result, 3 demonstrators were wounded.
Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (29 June – 5 July 2006)
1.Israeli Offensive on the Gaza Strip
Following an armed attack launched by Palestinian militants on 25 June 2006 in Kerem Shalom area on the Egyptian –Israeli border, southeast of Rafah, which left dead two Palestinian militants and two IOF soldiers killed, while a third IOF soldier was captured, IOF have launched a wide scale offensive on the Gaza Strip. They have launched dozens of air strikes mock air raids, and fired artillery shells at the civilian infrastructure. They have also attacked governmental compounds and training sites and activists of Palestinian resistance organizations.
Thursday, 29 June 2006
Friday, 30 June 2006
1. Mahmoud Kamel Wahdan, 12, wounded by shrapnel to the jaw; and
2. As’ad As’ad Salah, 8, wounded by shrapnel to the head.
Saturday, 1 July 2006
1. Fua’d Mohammed al-Daghma, 48, wounded by a live bullet to the right shoulder; and
2. ‘Alaa’ Mahmoud Shaheen, 19, wounded by shrapnel throughout the body.
IOF also razed at least 110 donums of agricultural land planted with olives and vegetables, belonging to the families of al-Shami, ‘Asfour and al-Madani.
Sunday, 2 July 2006
Monday, 3 July 2006
Tuesday, 4 July 2006
Wednesday, 5 July 2006
Shortly after targeting the Ministry of Interior, IOF warplanes fired a missile at Dar al-Arqam School in the densely-populated al-Tuffah neighborhood in the northeast of Gaza City. A number of structures and classrooms were destroyed. No casualties were reported. It is noted that the school provides free education to thousands of children from the families of those wounded, killed or arrested during the al-Aqsa Intifada. This air strike had been the third of its kind carried out against the school since the outbreak of the Al-Aqsa Intifada. In each of these attacks, large parts of the school were destroyed.
1. Hussam Mahmoud Hijazi, 24, a member of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, who was near the site; and
2. Rami Abu Hashem, 27, a member of the Naval Force, from Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in Gaza City.
In addition, 10 members of the Naval Force were wounded. Medical sources described the wounds of 3 of them as critical.
2.Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property
Thursday, 29 June 2006
1. Dr. ‘Omar ‘Abdul Raziq, Minister of Finance;
2. Dr. Sameer Abu ‘Eisha, Minister of Planning;
3. Wasfi Qabaha, Minister of Prisoners’ Affairs;
4. ‘Eissa al-Ja’bari, Minister of Local Government; and
5. Fakhri Turkman, Minister of Social Affairs.
IOF also arrested ‘Abdul Jaber Mustafa al-Fuqahaa’, a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), from his house.
1. Nemer Yousef Abrayoush, 40;
2. Badran Yousef Abrayoush, 27; and
3. Nader Mohammed Abu Ehlayel, 33.
1. ‘Emad Mohammed Jaradat, 33; and
2. ‘Eissa ‘Ayash al-Shalalda, 25.
1. Mohammed Mhamoud al-Swaiti, 50;
2. Isma’il Ahmed al-Swaiti, 47;
3. Bilal Mahmoud al-Swaiti, 19;
4. Eyad ‘Eissa al-Swaiti, 19;
5. Bassem Hashem ‘Abdul Rasoul, 23;
6. Subhi Mohammed al-Masalma, 48;
7. Mustafa ‘Abdul Majeed al-Masalma, 40;
8. Muntasser ‘Abdul Karim al-Masalma, 20;
9. Mohammed Mahmoud al-Masalma, 22; and
10. Bilal ‘Abdul qader al-Masalma, 22.
1. ‘Abdul Mon’em Ibrahim Mujahed, 36; and
2. Yahia Hashem al-Tamimi, 18.
1. Yasser Suleiman Mansour, 38, a PLC member;
2. ‘Adnan Sa’id ‘Asfour, the spokesman of Hamas;
3. Ziad Sa’id ‘Asfour, 25;
4. Mahmoud ‘Abdul Rahim Abu Khait, 24;
5. Jihad Shaker Hashash, 19;
6. Ahmed Khader Zuhod, 19;
7. Bahaa’ Mahmoud Marshoud, 18;
8. Khaled Muraweh Salman, 40; and
9. Talha ‘Abdul Fattah Mashayekh, 20.
IOF also raided a house belonging to Ahmed ‘Ali Ahmed, a PLC member, in ‘Ein Beit al-Maa’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, to arrest him, but he was not there. In addition, an IOF bulldozer partially demolished a store belonging to Jamal Darwish Abu Jarada at the entrance of the refugee camp.
1. Khaled Suleiman Abu Hassan, a PLC member;
2. Khaled Sa’id Yahia, a PLC member;
3. Hatem Rida Jarrar, 60, the mayor;
4. Attorney Fadel Murshed Bushnaq, 42;
5. Majdi Raja Abu al-Haija, 26;
6. Ahmed Ragheb ‘Abbas, 50, a member of the municipal council; and
7. ‘Abdul Jabbar Mohammed Jarrar, 38.
Friday, 30 June 2006
During this incursion, at approximately 06:10, IOF raided the office of the Islamic Union. They confiscated a computer set and some documents. They also destroyed a historical cemetery of the ‘Abdul Hadi family in al-Qaryoun quarter in the old town. In addition, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in Nablus and the neighboring Balata refugee camp, and arrested 4 Palestinian children:
1. Mohammed Salam al-Demiati, 17;
2. Mohammed Nawaf Hassouna, 17;
3. Sameh ‘Omar Subeh, 17; and
4. ‘Allam ‘Ali Humaidan, 17.
Saturday, 1 July 2006
Sunday, 2 July 2006
1. Ayoub Mas’oud Habiba, 19, wounded by shrapnel to the right hand and foot;
2. Yousef Mustafa Qabaha, 20, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the back;
3. ‘Alaa’ al-Din ‘Abdul Nasser al-Ramahi, 18, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand;
4. Tayseer ‘Abdul Karim Qadri, 20, wounded by two rubber-coated metal bullets to the feet;
5. Mohammed ‘Ezzat Rawajba, 24, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the left foot; and
6. Salah Hamed, 20, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand.
IOF withdrew from the area at approximately 15:00 without finding the person they claimed to be in the hospital.
In her testimony to PCHR on the IOF raid on the hospital, Rasmiya Najeeb ‘Anabtawi, 38, chief nurse, said:
“At approximately 12:55 on Sunday, 2 July 2006, when I was on-duty at the reception department in Nablus Specialized Hospital in an-Najah National University Street in Rafidya neighborhood in the southwest of Nablus, I was surprised by 3 IOF jeeps stopping at the main entrance of the hospital. One of the jeeps hit a civilian car that stopped at the main entrance after having brought a patient to the hospital. A number of masked IOF soldiers brutally got out of the jeeps and broke into the reception department. They pointed their guns at all those who were in the department, and ordered us to leave the department and gather in the cafeteria, the emergency department and the accounting department. They warned us not to move. IOF soldiers were deployed throughout the first floor and on stairs leading to other floors. Soon, doctors and nurses appealed to IOF soldiers to allow them to bring Munjed ‘Alawna, who was seriously wounded by the IOF gunfire, into the hospital, and they accepted. The phone in the accounting department rang, and I answered. It was Nour al-Saramati, the executive secretary. She told me that IOF soldiers were on the second floor, searching for the director of the hospital, Dr. Ameer al-Masri. I got out of the room and discussed the matter with IOF soldiers. Later, they allowed me to go up to the second floor. I told IOF soldiers that the director was not there, and that I act on behalf of him when he is not at the hospital. An IOF soldier asked me about a wounded person, and I told him that we did not have any wounded person. He then talked to me in English and told me that he was the officer in charge. He told me that he was certain that the concerned wounded person is at the hospital and asked me for the record of patients. I brought the files and read names of the patients, but he insisted that the wounded person was at the hospital. I told him that we received 3 of the wounded in the incidents of Friday, 30 June 2006, and that they left the hospital. He asked me about their wounds, and I told him that they were wounded to the limbs. He said that the wounded person whom they were searching for was wounded to the hand. While I was discussing with the IOF soldiers, a number of other soldiers were interrogating my colleague, ‘Azam Shiqqu, director of the anesthesia department. He told them that there was a wounded person at the hospital, who was treated and the left the hospital a short while earlier. IOF soldiers asked him about the doctor who treated the wounded person, and he told them that it was Dr. Mahmoud al-Husseini, who was not the hospital. They ordered him to phone Dr. al-Husseini and ask him to come to the hospital. Soon, IOF soldiers searched the surgery department, although there were 3 patients undergoing surgeries. They also searched the administration offices. They then went down to the first floor. There, a number of IOF soldiers were interrogating Dr. al-Husseini. They asked him about the wounded persons, whom he treated. Dr. al-Husseini told them that he left the hospital. An IOF soldiers said to him: ‘How could you treat a terrorist?’ He replied that he, as a doctor, should treat every human being who needs treatment, including even Israeli soldiers. IOF soldiers then searched the hospital thoroughly. They left the hospital at approximately 15:00.”
Monday, 3 July 2006
1. Ayman Mohammed al-Dara’awi, 31; and
2. Yasser Mohammed al-Dara’awi, 31.
Tuesday, 4 July 2006
1. Jamal Mohammed Salah, 26, wounded by a live bullet to the foot; and
2. Mohammed Salah ‘Olayan, 17, wounded by a live bullet to the foot.
Wednesday, 5 July 2006
1. Fadi Bassam Zaid, 22;
2. ‘Alaa’ Bassam Zaid, 18; and
3. Tamer Sha’ban Zaid, 17.
1. Mousa Mashour Hamed, 23;
2. ‘Alaa’ ‘Alyoun Hamed, 22; and
3. Jad Mohammed Hammad, 20.
1. Saher Sabri Abu ‘Asab, 31;
2. Yassin Hassan Yassin, 27;
3. Talal Hassan Yassin, 26; and
4. Mahmoud Ahmed Khodroj, 28.
3. Extra-Judicial Executions
During the reported period, IOF committed two extra-judicial executions in the West Bank, which left two members of the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, the military wing of Fatah movement, dead. According to investigations conducted by PCHR:
4.Continued Siege on the OPT
IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.
Following an attack launched by Palestinian militants on 25 June 2006 near the Israeli-Egyptian border, southeast of Rafah, which left two IOF soldiers and two of the attackers dead and a third IOF soldier missing, IOF have closed all border crossings of the Gaza Strip:
According to information gathered by PCHR, the number of Palestinians stuck in Egypt is more than 3,000. Most of them have been forced to stay in different cities including Cairo, al-Arish and Egyptian Rafah. These Palestinians had traveled to Egypt or through Egypt to other destinations for the purposes of medical treatment, education, visiting relatives or work. In addition, scores of expatriate Palestinian families living in the Gulf States, who had traveled to Rafah International Crossing Point to spend the summer in Gaza, were forced to return to the Gulf.
Furthermore, more than 400 Palestinians, mostly patients, are stuck in the waiting hall at the Egyptian side of Rafah Crossing. They are enduring extremely difficult conditions due to the hot weather and lack of adequate services and facilities, especially for patients. These patients were returning to Gaza after undergoing medical treatment abroad, including surgery. Some of the patients have undergone heart, ophthalmic or orthopedic surgeries. Such patients require special facilities that are not available at the border.
Travelers stuck at the border are also suffering from depleted financial resources and the inability to cope with the expenses of being stuck outside longer than expected. They rely on assistance provided by the Egyptian Red Crescent. They are deprived of services required to meet their basic needs, especially for women, children and the elderly. Furthermore, they are being forcibly separated from their families in the Gaza Strip.
The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health.
IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Following the attack on IOF on 25 June 2006, IOF prevented fishing. Approximately 35,000 people in and around Gaza’s coastal communities rely on the fishing industry, including 2,500 fishermen, 2,500 support staff and their families. Fishermen have been subjected to intensive monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor the fishermen. On a number of occasions the Israeli military has opened fire against the civilian fishermen in order to enforce the 9 nautical mile limit imposed on them. The Oslo Accords make provision for Gaza’s sea to be fished to 20 nautical miles.
The West Bank
IOF have continued to impose a strict siege on Palestinian communities in the West Bank. They have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians and imposed curfews on a number of Palestinian communities.
On Friday morning, 30 May 2006, IOF positioned at ‘Attara checkpoint, north of Ramallah, arrested ‘Alaa’ Hassan al-Reemawi, 35, the deputy mayors of Bani Zaid village. On Wednesday, 5 July 2006, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from Ramallah. They closed some checkpoints and erected a number of others on the roads leading to the town. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.
On Tuesday afternoon, 4 July 2006, IOF positioned at a checkpoint to the northwest of Nablus arrested Sami Sayed al-Zaher, 30, from Yassid village north of the city.
Construction of the Annexation Wall
IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside West Bank territory.
1. Adeeb Ahmed Abu Rahma, 32, wounded by shrapnel to the eye;
2. ‘Omar Hisham Abu Rahma, 24, wounded by two rubber-coated metal bullets to the back and the thigh; and
3. Ahmed Mohammed Hassan, 22, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the back.
1. Emilino Andro, 29, an American solidarity activist;
2. Mohammed ‘Eissa al-Sulaibi, 33; and
3. Mousa ‘Abdul Hamid Abu Maria, 26, who was detained by IOF for several hours.
Recommendations to the International Community
1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.
2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.
3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.
4. PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.
5. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.
6. PCHR calls upon the member States of the EU, and all other states, to adopt a voting pattern at the UN bodies, particularly the General Assembly, Security Council and Commission on Human Rights which is keeping with international law.
7. PCHR demands that the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion be immediately implemented by the international community.
8. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the proposed Gaza disengagement plan for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.
9. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.
10. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.
11. In light of the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupying forces on access for international organizations to the OPT, PCHR calls upon European countries to deal with Israeli citizens in a similar manner.
12. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) is an independent legal body based in Gaza City dedicated to protecting human rights, promoting the rule of law and upholding democratic principles in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. It holds Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations and is an affiliate of the International Commission of Jurists, the Fédération Internationale des Ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), and the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network. PCHR is a recipient of the 1996 French Republic Award for Human Rights.