Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)
23-29 November 2006
15 Palestinians, 7 of them are civilians (including a child and a woman), were killed by IOF.
13 of the victims were killed by IOF in the northern Gaza Strip.
3 of the victims were extra-judicially executed by IOF in Jabalya town.
49 Palestinians, including 19 children, a woman and an old man, were wounded by IOF.
IOF bombarded a money exchange shop in Gaza City.
IOF conducted 28 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.
IOF arrested 65 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children, in the West Bank.
IOF destroyed 27 houses in and razed 80 donums of agricultural land in the northern Gaza Strip.
IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT; IOF arrested 6 Palestinian civilians, including two children, at checkpoints in the West Bank
IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall in the West Bank; they used force against peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to the construction of the Wall.
Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property in the OPT; IOF destroyed 5 houses and 7 civilian establishment in Jenin and Hebron, and Israeli settlers attacked a child and injured her.
Israeli violations of international law continued in the OPT during the reported period (23 - 29 November 2006):
Killing: During the reported period, IOF killed 14 Palestinians, 7 of whom are civilians, including a woman and a child. An eighth civilians died from a previous wound. In addition, IOF wounded 49 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 19 children, a woman and an old man.
In the Gaza Strip, IOF killed 7 Palestinians, including 4 civilians (one of them is a child), during military operations in the northern Gaza Strip. On 23 November 2006, IOF extra-judicially executed 3 Palestinian resistance activists in the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya. On the same day, a Palestinian civilians died from a previous wound he had sustained in the northern Gaza Strip. On 25 November 2006, IOF fired an artillery shell at a number of Palestinian resistance activists. As a result, a resistance activist and a member of the Palestinian National Security Forces, who was in a security site in the area, were killed. In addition, 37 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 13 children, were wounded by the IOF gunfire. Moreover, IOF also launched an air strike on a money exchange shop in Gaza City, destroying it and severely damaging nearby houses.
In the West Bank, on 27 November 2006, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian and a woman who attempted to offer him first medical aid in Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. IOF left the two victims bleeding to death. In addition, 12 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children, were wounded by the IOF gunfire in various areas in the West Bank.
Incursions: During the reported period, IOF conducted at least 28 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they raided houses and arrested 65 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children. IOF employed undercover units in several incursions.
In the Gaza Strip, IOF redeployed outside the northern Gaza Strip following a series of incursions into the area. During these incursions, IOF killed 7 Palestinians, destroyed 17 houses and 10 civilian establishments and razed 80 donums of agricultural land. IOF also moved into Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis, and leveled areas of land they had already razed.
Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.
IOF have imposed a strict siege on the Gaza Strip. They have closed its border crossings as a form of collective punishment against Palestinian civilians.
IOF have closed Rafah International Crossing Point since 25 June 2006, even though they do not directly control it. During the reported period, the crossing point was reopened on Tuesday, 28 November 2006, from 10:00 to 15:00, and 776 Palestinians traveled from the Gaza Strip and 569 others traveled back to it. The crossing point was supposed to be operated also on Wednesday, 29 November 2006, but IOF informed the European observers that the crossing point would not allow its operation. On 15 November 2006, the Palestinian - Israeli agreement on border crossing, which was concluded under US and European supervision, expired. Under this agreement, IOF have maintained indirect control over of the crossing point. IOF have imposed severe restrictions at commercial crossings of the Gaza Strip, especially al-Mentar (Karni) crossing. As a consequence, the economic situation inside the Gaza Strip has further deteriorated and many goods have been lacked in markets. During the reported period, IOF partially reopened Sofa and Kerem Shalom (Karem Abu Salem) crossings near Rafah. IOF have also continued to close Erez crossing in the northern Gaza Strip. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip had been prevented from traveling through this crossing. IOF have allowed international workers to pass through the crossing. With this closure, only few Palestinian patients have been able to travel to hospitals in Israel and the West Bank. In addition, IOF have continued to prevent Palestinian fishermen from fishing for 5 months.
IOF have tightened the siege imposed on Palestinian communities in the West Bank. They have isolated Jerusalem from the rest of the West Bank. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to separate between the north and south of the West Bank. During the reported period, IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 6 Palestinian civilians, including two children.
Illegal Settler Activities: Israeli settlers in breach of international humanitarian law continue to reside in the OPT and have launched a series of attacks against Palestinian civilians and property. During the reported period, 4 female Israeli settlers attacked a Palestinian child in Hebron and injured her. In the context of settlement activities, IOF demolished 5 houses and 7 civilian establishments in Jenin and Hebron, claiming that were built without licenses.
The outcome of crimes committed by IOF since 25 June 2006:
Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (23- 29 November 2006)
1.Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
Israeli Offensive on the Northern Gaza Strip
On Sunday, 26 November 2006, IOF redeployed from the northern Gaza Strip ending a wide scale military operation that began on Tuesday, 21 November 2006. During this operation, IOF killed a number of Palestinians and destroyed some civilian facilities. During the period covered by the last report, IOF killed 5 Palestinians, including a woman and a child, and wounded 34 others, including 15 children. During the reported period, IOF killed 7 Palestinians, including 4 civilians (one of them is a child), and wounded 36 others, mostly civilians, including 13 children. Another Palestinian civilian died from a previous wound. Thus, the number of Palestinians killed by IOF during this operation increased to 13, including 6 civilians (including two children and a woman), and wounded 70 others, including 28 children. IOF also extra-judicially executed 3 members of the Palestinian Popular Resistance Committees in Jabalya refugee camp. Additionally, IOF destroyed 27 houses and 10 civilian establishments, and razed 80 donums of agricultural land.
Thursday, 23 November 2006
1. Khader ‘Emad Abu Jebba, 18;
2. Yousef Sa’ad al-Kahlout, 15;
3. Eihab ‘Abdul Hamid al-‘Eila, 15; and
4. Mohammed Sa’id Hasanain, 22.
1. ‘Abdul Nasser Ahmed al-Basiouni, 32, wounded by two live bullets to the abdomen and the right arm;
2. ‘Alaa’ Suhail al-Za’anin, 24, wounded by a live bullet to the left foot; and
3. ‘Ali Abu Harbid, 24, wounded by a live bullet to the right leg.
1. Mohammed Jihad Salman, 29, wounded by a live bullet to the abdomen; and
2. Ussama Mohammed Abu Rashed, 22, wounded by a live bullet to the right thigh.
1. Mohammed Ahmed ‘Oqailan, 21, wounded by a live bullet to the left foot;
2. Zhaher Mohammed ‘Awadh, 20, wounded by a live bullet to the buttock;
3. ‘Emad Mohammed Shaheen, 13, wounded by a live bullet to the right hand; and
4. Nader ‘Eid al-Far, 17, wounded by a live bullet to the left foot.
1. Khamis Nemer Zaghra, 19, from Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in Gaza City, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot; and
2. Dahman Ahmed Samsoum, 19, from Sheikh Zayed housing project, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot.
Friday, 24 November 2006
1. ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Salman Mohammed Salman, 10, seriously wounded by two live bullets to the abdomen and the right, and died at the hospital half an hour later; and
2. Mohye al-Din Hasan al-Mabhouh, 8, wounded by a live bullet to the thighs.
1. Mohammed Maher Abu ‘Ameera, 18, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot; and
2. Ahmed Ibrahim Shaheen, 16, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot.
1. Baker Sha’ban ‘Owaida, 27, wounded by a live bullet to the left foot;
2. Mohammed Subhi Ghareeb, 17, wounded by a live bullet to the thighs;
3. Mohammed ‘Azzam ‘Ouda, 20, wounded by a live bullet to the chest; and
4. Yahia Hijju, 20, wounded by shrapnel from a live bullet to the chest.
Saturday, 25 November 2006
1. Ayman Jamal al-Tahrawi, 16, seriously wounded by shrapnel to the neck and the back; and
2. Eyad Fu’ad al-Radee’, 27, wounded by a live bullet to the left leg.
1. Saleem al-Wehaidi, 80;
2. Nidal Jamal Wishah, 24; and
3. Hani Ibrahim al-Toum, 35.
1. Hani Manah al-Dghal, 25, wounded by a live bullet to the shoulder; and
2. Ayman ‘Abdul Qader Abu Mhadi, 12, seriously wounded by a live bullet to the head.
1. ‘Abdul Rahman Kamel Abu Raiya, 14, wounded by a live bullet to the abdomen; and
2. Mahmoud Abu Sharekh, 12, wounded by a live bullet to the abdomen.
At approximately 02:30 on Sunday, 26 November 2006, IOF started to redeploy out of the northern Gaza Strip. The redeployment was completed by 04:30.
Incursions into Other Areas
Thursday, 23 November 2006
1. Mohammed Bajes al-Ja’bari, 27;
2. Mohammed Hasan al-Ja’bari, 19; and
3. Mahran Yaqin al-Ja’bari, 21.
1. Wajdi Jameel Barakat, 19; and
2. Mustafa Fu’ad Abu al-Ruz, 22.
1. Yasser Ahmed Hanaisha, 38;
2. Ahmed Tal’at Tazaz’a, 22;
3. Ahmed Naji Abu Zalat, 20; and
4. Sa’id al-Hathnawi, 27.
1. Marwan Mohammed Ghareeb, 32;
2. ‘Alaa’ Shareef Khalil, 22;
3. ‘Ali Hussein Abu al-Nada, 22;
4. Mohammed ‘Ersan, 50;
5. Fares Mohammed ‘Ersan, 23;
6. ‘Ersan Mohammed ‘Ersan, 14; and
7. Mustafa Ibrahim al-Natour, 35.
Friday, 24 November 2006
1. Mousa Naji Nawaje’, 15, seriously wounded by a live bullet to the chest; and
2. Murad Ayman Hudaib, 16, wounded by a live bullet to the right side.
Saturday, 25 November 2006
1. ‘Alaa’ Mahdi al-Batya, 23;
2. Tamer Hussein Kalbouna, 21;
3. Sa’ed al-Khashashi, 19; and
4. Noah Jamal al-Khuffash, 23.
1. Jamal ‘Awni al-‘Adam, 34; and
2. Salama Mohammed ‘Okal, 35.
1. Waleed Hasan Abu al-Qumboz, 24; and
2. Ayman ‘Awani Muhaisen, 22.
Sunday, 26 November 2006
1. Mahmoud Khalil Jaffal, 13;
2. Muhannad Sameer al-Bastani, 12;
3. Ibrahim ‘Ali ‘Eaikat, 11; and
4. Ibrahim Mohammed ‘Eraikat, 12.
Monday, 27 November 2006
In his testimony to PCHR, Ahmed Hussein Nazzal, 40, an eyewitness, stated:
“At approximately 01:00 on Monday, 27 November 2006, I woke up hearing knocking at doors. IOF soldiers transformed a number of houses into military sites to pursue Palestinian resistance activists. My family and I were waiting our turn. At approximately 03:00, we heard sounds of shooting and a man shouting that he was wounded. We got out of our house. I saw my uncle, Mahmoud Hafez Nazzal, 70, and his wife, Fatima Ahmed Shuraim Nazzal, 50. My uncle’s wife was running towards ‘Abdul Raziq Baker Nazzal, 25, who was bleeding. He was only 5 meters away from my house. When the woman reached the wounded man, she was fired at. She fell near the wounded man. We went back home. Soon, IOF military vehicles arrived at the area. I saw IOF soldiers getting from an old deserted house belonging to Ahmed al-Haj Sadiq Nazzal. The house was only 5-7 meters away from the victims. My uncle tried to explain to soldiers that his wife was wounded, but they shouted on him and fired into the air. Soon after, I saw two dogs smelling the two victims. Nearly 45 minutes later, an ambulance of Palestine Red Crescent Society arrived at the area. IOF soldiers searched it for nearly 15 minutes. The ambulance evacuated the two victims, who were apparently dead, to the hospital.”
1. Shadi Hasan Shakarna, 19;
2. Saleh Hasan Shakarna, 20;
3. Nassif Mohammed Shakarna, 20; and
4. Maher ‘Eissa Ghayaza, 18.
1. Lu’ai Subhi Fraij, 32;
2. Nemer ‘Abdul Karim Hindi, 39; and
3. Ahmed Mustafa Kharouf, 23.
1. Hashem Suhail Abu Zant, 19;
2. Mohammed Mahmoud Hashem, 18; and
3. Rami Abu Ja’sa, 19.
Tuesday, 28 November 2006
1. Muneeb Hasan al-Khatib, 25; and
2. Bilal Mohammed al-Barmeel, 22.
1. ‘Ali Khalil Jubran, 31; and
2. Rabee’ ‘Ata Jebril, 21.
1. Mohammed Salim Zayoud, 45;
2. Yasser Salim Zayoud, 42;
3. ‘Adnan Salim Zayoud, 40;
4. Mustafa Salim Zayoud, 38;
5. Khaled Salim Zayoud, 25;
6. Ahmed Shareef Zayoud, 22;
7. ‘Abdullah Shareef Zayoud, 19;
8. Mohammed Shareef Zayoud, 25;
9. Tha’er Qassem Zayoud, 22;
10. Fadi Qassem Zayoud, 19; and
11. ‘Ammar Mohammed Zayoud, 33.
Wednesday, 29 November 2006
2. Extra-Judicial Execution
During the reported period, IOF extra-judicially executed 3 members of the Salah al-Din Brigades (the armed wing of the Palestinian Popular Resistance Committees) in the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya.
According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 17:20 on Thursday, 23 November 2006, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a civilian car (a white Subaru), which was traveling near al-‘Awda tower buildings in the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya. The car was destroyed, and 3 members of the Palestinian Popular Resistance Committees, who was traveling in it, were killed:
1. Fa’eq Ahmed Abu al-Qumsan, 42, from Jabalya refugee camp;
2. Ahmed Darwish Abu al-Qumsan, 35; and
3. Mahmoud Jom’a al-Basiouni, 32, from Beit Hanoun.
3. Continued Siege on the OPT
IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.
Following an attack launched by Palestinian militants on 25 June 2006 near the Israeli-Egyptian border, southeast of Rafah, which left two IOF soldiers and two of the attackers dead and a third IOF soldier missing, IOF have closed all border crossings of the Gaza Strip:
On 15 November 2006, the Palestinian - Israeli agreement on border crossing, which was concluded under US and European supervision, expired. Under this agreement, IOF have maintained indirect control over of the crossing point. The European observation team working at the crossing point extended their task for additional 6 months. On 15 November 2005, the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and Israel reached an agreement over the border crossings of the Gaza Strip. Under the agreement, on 25 November 2005, the Rafah International Crossing Point, on the Egyptian border in the south of the Gaza Strip, was opened for civilian travel to Egypt and the rest of the world. The Palestinians and European Union (EU) observers would run the Palestinian side of the crossing point. In addition, the EU observers would transmit live images to a joint control room several kilometers away. The EU observers repeated withdrew from the crossing following receiving warnings from IOF that there were threats to them. However, all warnings proved to be void, and the observers resumed their work.
The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health.
IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Following the attack on IOF on 25 June 2006, IOF prevented fishing. Approximately 35,000 people in and around Gaza’s coastal communities rely on the fishing industry, including 2,500 fishermen, 2,500 support staff and their families. Fishermen have been subjected to intensive monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor the fishermen. The Oslo Accords allow Palestinian fishermen to go fishing up to 20 nautical miles away from the Gaza seashore.
The West Bank
IOF have imposed a tightened siege on the West Bank. They have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians and imposed curfews on a number of Palestinian communities.
On Thursday evening, 25 November 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at a checkpoint erected at Wadi al-Quf intersection, north of Hebron, arrested ‘Abdul Rahman Ibrahim al-‘Adam, 33, from Beit Oula village northwest of the town.
At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 28 November 2006, IOF closed the northern and western entrances of al-‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They prohibited the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the camp, claiming that stones were thrown at them. IOF soldiers pursued and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters a number of Palestinian boys who attempted to get out of the camp. Mohammed ‘Abdul Baset Abu Dayya, 17, sustained a fracture to the right leg and knee, as a sound bomb fired by IOF soldiers hit him. IOF soldiers also arrested Isma’il ‘Abdul Rahman al-Badawi, 16. The closure of the entrances of the camp continued until 10:00.
At approximately 16:00, on Sunday evening, 26 November 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at a permanent checkpoint on Wad al-Nar road, northeast of Bethlehem, arrested Khaled Jamal Farraj, 18, from al-Duhaisha refugee camp south of Bethlehem. Farraj is a university student and was on his way back home when IOF soldiers arrested him.
4. Construction of the Annexation Wall
IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside West Bank territory.
1. Mohammed Ahmed Yassin, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right thigh; and
2. Kayed Khalil Abu Rahma, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the left shoulder.
In addition, 8 demonstrators sustained bruises: a photographer of the Israeli daily Haaretz; a Swedish solidarity activist; Amjad ‘Aayed Khalil; Ashraf Mohammed; Khaled al-Khatib; Eyad Bernat; ‘Ali Hussein Abu Rahma; and Hussein Hussein Abu Rahma.
5. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property
Later, IOF demolished a 1000-square-meter animal farm belonging to Nabeel Yassin Mar’ei, claiming that it was established without a license. IOF also informed 19 Palestinian civilians that their houses and civilian facilities would be demolished.
1. Nemer Mohammed Abu Hasan, 32, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right leg; and
2. Ahmed ‘Abdullah Abu Hasan, 30, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the left leg.
Recommendations to the International Community
1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.
2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.
3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes
4. PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.
5. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.
6. PCHR calls upon the member States of the EU, and all other states, to adopt a voting pattern at the UN bodies, particularly the General Assembly, Security Council and Commission on Human Rights which is keeping with international law.
7. PCHR demands that the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion be immediately implemented by the international community.
8. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented last year, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.
9. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.
10. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.
11. In light of the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupying forces on access for international organizations to the OPT, PCHR calls upon European countries to deal with Israeli citizens in a similar manner.
12. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) is an independent legal body based in Gaza City dedicated to protecting human rights, promoting the rule of law and upholding democratic principles in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. It holds Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations and is an affiliate of the International Commission of Jurists, the Federation Internationale des Ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), and the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network. PCHR is a recipient of the 1996 French Republic Award for Human Rights.