Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Escalate Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) and Threaten to Expand Military Operations in the Gaza Strip
IOF have escalated attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property in the OPT. Israeli political and military officials have threatened to launch a wide scale military campaign on the Gaza Strip, unconcerned about the lives and property of Palestinian civilians.
Israeli violations of international law continued in the OPT during the reported period (19 October -1 November 2006):
Killing: During the reported period, IOF killed 27 Palestinians, 11 of whom are civilians including two children and a woman, are civilians. Twenty three of the victims were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip. In addition, 104 Palestinians, including 29 children and 4 women, were wounded. This increase in the number of casualties in the Gaza Strip has followed orders by the Israeli Defense Minister Amir Perets to his army to expand military operations in the Gaza Strip allegedly to stop the armament of Palestinian organizations.
In the Gaza Strip, IOF killed 23 Palestinians, including two children, one woman and 6 members of one same family, and wounded 72 others, including 10 children and 4 women.
On 21 October 2006, a special unit of IOF killed a Palestinian civilian in al-Fukhari area in Khan Yunis for no apparent reason and without warning. They also obstructed his evacuation to the hospital. On 23 October 2006, the first day of the Eid al-Futur, IOF killed 6 members 8 Palestinians, including a woman, in Beit Hanoun town. Six of the victims were from the al-Shanbari family. In addition, 29 Palestinian were wounded by IOF. On 26 October 2006, IOF killed two Palestinians, including a child, and wounded 4 others during an incursion into ‘Abasan village, east of Khan Yunis.
On the same day, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian in the northern Gaza Strip, while he was hunting birds on his agricultural land. On 31 October 2006, IOF killed 3 members of the Palestinian resistance during an incursion into Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis. On 1 November 2006, IOF killed 5 members of the Palestinian resistance, one member of the Palestinian National Security Forces and one civilian during a wide scale offensive on Beit Hanoun town, which is still ongoing. Another civilian died from a heart attack when IOF soldiers raided his house. Thus, the number of Palestinians killed by IOF in Beit Hanoun in less than 10 days increased to 16.
IOF also launched 3 air strikes on 3 houses in the Gaza Strip. As a result, 4 houses were destroyed and a number of other ones were severely damaged. IOF often warn residents of houses of their intention to attack them a very short time prior to the attack.
In the west Bank, IOF killed 4 Palestinian civilians, and wounded 32 others. On 22 October 2006, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian and wound 19 others, including 8 children, in al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin. On 27 October 2006, IOF killed two Palestinian civilians and wounded a third one in al-Fara’a refugee camp, southeast of Jenin. On the same day, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded two of his brothers in al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin. In addition, IOF wounded two children in Jenin refugee camp, 5 ones in Tulkarm and 3 ones in Hebron.
Incursions: During the reported period, IOF conducted at least 45 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they raided dozens of houses and arrested 93 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children. IOF also closed al-Huda Women Society in Ramallah, which provides social, humanitarian, educational and medical services.
In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 8 military incursions into areas in the Gaza Strip. The widest of these incursions was into Beit Hanoun town on 1 November 2006. This incursion is still ongoing. During these incursions, IOF killed a number of Palestinians, razed at least 18 donums of agricultural land, raided and searched houses, transformed a number of houses into military sites and arrested a Palestinian civilian. They also interrogated dozens of Palestinian civilians.
Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.
IOF have imposed a strict siege on the Gaza Strip. They have closed its border crossings as a form of collective punishment against Palestinian civilians.
IOF have closed Rafah International Crossing Point since 25 June 2006, even though they do not directly control it. During this period, the crossing has been opened for 18 separate days. IOF have closed commercial crossings of the Gaza Strip, especially al-Mentar (Karni) crossing. As a consequence, the economic situation inside the Gaza Strip has further deteriorated and many goods have been lacked in markets. During the reported period, IOF partially reopened al-Mentar (Karni) crossing, east of Gaza City, and Sofa and Kerem Shalom crossings near Rafah. IOF have also continued to close Erez crossing in the northern Gaza Strip. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip had been prevented from traveling through this crossing. IOF have allowed international workers to pass through the crossing. With this closure, only few Palestinian patients have been able to travel to hospitals in Israel and the West Bank. In addition, IOF have prevented Palestinian fishermen from fishing for approximately 4 months.
IOF have tightened the siege imposed on Palestinian communities in the West Bank. They have isolated Jerusalem from the rest of the West Bank. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to separate between the north and south of the West Bank. They have further prevented Palestinians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip from entering Jerusalem to pray in al-Aqsa Mosque in the Holy Ramadan. IOF positioned at various checkpoints around Jerusalem imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. During the reported period, IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 7 Palestinian civilians.
Annexation Wall: While they have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank, IOF have prevented Palestinian farmers in the north and south of the West Bank from reaching their agricultural lands, which are planted with olives, located behind the Wall. According to these farmers, IOF have refused to issue permits for them to be able to reach their lands. The farmers have expressed their concerns that they may lose the current olive season. IOF often fire at Palestinian farmers to drive them away from their lands.
Illegal Settler Activities: Israeli settlers in breach of international humanitarian law continue to reside in the OPT and have launched a series of attacks against Palestinian civilians and property. During the reported period, Israeli settlers repeatedly attacked Palestinian farmers cultivating olives, especially in Hebron and Qalqilya. As a result, 6 farmers were injured. Israeli settlers also attacked houses and agricultural land. All attacks took place before the eyes of IOF.
The outcome of crimes committed by IOF since 25 June 2006:
Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (19 October - 1 November 2006)
1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank
Thursday, 19 October 2006
1. Durgham Kamal al-Sa’di, 16, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot; and
2. Baker ‘Aatef Nabhan, 14, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the left foot.
Friday, 20 October 2006
Saturday, 21 October 2006
According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 02:00, Baraka ‘Aayesh Hamdan al-‘Omour, 48, got up and asked his wife to prepare the Sohour meal to prepare for fasting. The man and his wife heard a dog barking near the house. Al-‘Omour got out of the house to check what was going on and to go to his son’s house to awake him. Immediately, IOF soldiers who had already infiltrated into the are and hid near the house fired a live bullet at him. When the wife heard the sound of the life bullet, she and her two daughters got out to check what happened. They found al-‘Omour on the ground screaming and bleeding from the right side. They were able to take him into the house. The wife called a doctor living in the area, and he was able to reach the house despite the intense IOF gunfire. The doctor was not able to stop the hemorrhage, so he called an ambulance. The ambulance was not able to reach the area until 05:00 as IOF reinforced their presence in the area. One of al-‘Omour’s relative carried to the ambulance, which was nearly 300 meters away. He was evacuated to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis. At approximately 06:00, IOF ordered residents of the house and the family of al-‘Omour’s son to get out of their houses. IOF then demolished the two houses and razed a 6-donum area of agricultural land planted with olives belonging to the al-‘Omour family. A few hours later, al-‘Omour died from his wound. It is worth noting that no member of the family is wanted by IOF.
Sunday, 22 October 2006
1. Musleh Hassan al-Rawashda, 22; and
2. ‘Eissa Mahmoud al-Rawashda, 30.
1. Suleiman Mahmoud Hijja, 22;
2. Mohammed Akram al-Sous, 24; and
3. Tayseer Hassan al-Qazzaz, 26.
Monday, 23 October 2006
According to investigations conducted by PCHR, in the early morning, a special unit of IOF moved into the east of the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun. IOF soldiers hid in a deserted house belonging to Bassam Khalifa, nearly two kilometers away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. At approximately 09:30, Riad Kamal ‘Ali al-Shanbari, 38, and his brother ‘Adnan, 50, were on their way to their house located in the area. The two were armed afraid of revenge as one of their relatives killed a member of the al-Basyouni family two days earlier. IOF soldiers fired at the two brothers from a distance of nearly 100 meters. As a result, Riad was seriously wounded by several live bullets to the chest and the abdomen. He died from his wound on the following day. Soon after, a number of armed members of the al-Shanbari family arrived at the area, thinking that members of the al-Basyouni family fired at the two brothers. Immediately, IOF soldiers fired at them, killing ‘Ata Kamal ‘Ali al-Shanbari, 32, Riad’s brother and a leader of the Salah al-Din Brigades, the armed wing of the Popular Resistance Committees, with several live bullets to the chest and the abdomen. When Rami Mousa Ahmed Hamdan, 23, tried to offer help to him, IOF soldiers shot him dead with a live bullet that entered the back and exited the chest. A few minutes later, at least 20 IOF military vehicles, covered by helicopters, moved into the area. IOF soldiers opened fire indiscriminately. As a result, 3 r civilians were killed, and 30 others were wounded. Two of the wounded, including a woman who was wounded while she was inside her house, died from their wounds on the following days. The civilians who were killed were identified as:
1. Khaled Kamal ‘Ali al-Shanbari, 36;
2. Kamal ‘Adnan Kamal al-Shanbari, 29;
3. Mohammed Fu’ad ‘Abdul Latif al-Shanbari, 19;
4. Ibrahim Fu’ad ‘Abdul Latif al-Shanbari, 17; and
5. Ne’ma Hassan ‘Edwan, 52.
Two of the wounded were in a serious condition:
1. Nasser al-Shanbari, 35, wounded by a live bullet to the chest; and
2. Hassan Mohammed Isma’il, 17, wounded by a live bullet to the chest.
Tuesday, 24 October 2006
1. Anas Mohammed ‘Atoum, 20; and
2. Ahmed Sh’ban, 23.
Wednesday, 25 October 2006
1. Tal’at Sameeh ‘Amru, 26;
2. Ahmed ‘Essam al-Nammoura, 19; and
3. Jamal Mohammed ‘Awawda, 24.
1. Jihad Mohammed Nazzal, 22; and
2. Majd Mahmoud ‘Alawna, 20.
Thursday, 26 October 2006
1. Daoud Mohammed Mohsen, 26;
2. Ramzi ‘Aadel Salah, 22;
3. Hamza Mohammed Salah, 19;
4. Mohammed Mahmoud Salah, 22; and+
5. ‘Omar Ibrahim Salah, 22.
1. Bara’a Kamal Abu ‘Amsha, 23; and
2. Nizar Mahmoud Zawatia, 22.
1. Yousef Mohammed Zendiq, 28;
2. Jamal Hassan al-Hafi, 26;
3. As’ad ‘Abdul Rahman Hanoun, 23;
4. ‘Alaa’ ‘Adnan Darwish, 21, a member of the Palestinian National Security Forces; and
5. Ashraf Fawzi Shehada, 21, a police officer.
According to investigations conducted by PCHR, in the morning, Suhail ‘Abdul Raziq al-Majdalawi, 35, from Jabalya refugee camp, went to a tract of agricultural land belonging to his family to the north of Beit hanoun, nearly 300 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. At approximately 07:30, while he was setting up a net to hunt birds, IOF soldiers positioned on an observation towers to the north of Beit Hanoun fired at him. He was seriously wounded by a live bullet to the back. He was evacuated to a hospital in Beit Hanoun, but medical efforts to save his life failed. It is worth noting that IOF razed that tract belonging to the victim’s family during the Intifada, and the family was forced to leave a house in the area due to attacks launched by IOF.
1. Fahmi Sami al-Ja’bari, 19;
2. Mash’hour Sami al-Ja’bari, 20;
3. Hatem Sami al-Ja’bari, 26;
4. Jouda Sabah al-Ja’bari, 22; and
5. Rami Sabah al-Ja’bari, 27.
Friday, 27 October 2006
1. Fadi ‘Abed Subeh, 27, hit by a live bullet to the heart; and
2. Mustafa Jaber Abu Zalat, 18, hit by 5 live bullets to the abdomen, the back, the hand and the shoulder.
In addition, Hazem Mahmoud ‘Awadh, 20, was wounded by two live bullets to the hand and the foot. He hid behind a rocket until an ambulance arrived at the area and evacuated him. However, IOF soldiers intercepted the ambulance at Tammoun intersection and arrested ‘Awadh.
1. Mohammed Jom’a Thawabta, 66;
2. Ameen ‘Abed Shamarkha, 56;
3. Ashraf Ahmed Taqatqa, 32;
4. Jamal Khalil Thawabta, 65;
5. Jaber Ibrahim Dairiya, 45; and
6. Mousa Ahmed Thawabta, 30.
1. Khaldoun Mohammed Shanaita, 21;
2. ‘Adnan Mohammed Shanaita, 20;
3. ‘Ata Mohammed Shanaita, 16;
4. Nemer ‘Ali Rabai’a, 18; and
5. Nayef Mohammed Rabai’a, 21.
1. Tha’er ‘Eissa Wishahi, 23;
2. ‘Alaa’ ‘Eissa Wishahi, 21; and
3. ‘Abdullah ‘Eissa Wishahi, 19.
Saturday, 28 October 2006
Sunday, 29 October 2006
Monday, 30 October 2006
1. ‘Alaa’ al-Damanhouri, 24; and
2. Nasser Mohammed Rezeq, 23.
Tuesday, 31 October 2006
1. Muhannad Zuhd ‘Arram, 27; and
2. Ahmed Fakhri al-Masri, 25.
1. Mohammed Waheed al-Najjar, 22, hit by a live bullet to the head; and
2. Shadi Khaled al-Najjar, 21, hit by several live bullets to the chest and the left leg.
Another members of the resistance, 25-year-old ‘Ammar Ibrahim al-Najjar, was wounded by a live bullet to the chest. He was able to withdrew from the area and go to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis. The fourth member of the resistance, 18-year-old Zaki Hamdan al-Najjar, was seriously wounded by several live bullets to the upper part of the body. Ambulances were not able to attend him, and he bled to death. His body remained in the area until 15:00, when IOF allowed an ambulance to reach him. In addition, a Palestinian child, 12-year-old Khaled Khalil al-Najjar, was wounded by a live bullet to the left leg.
At approximately 13:30, Mehiar Mahmoud al-Najjar, 19, a member of the resistance, was seriously wounded by several live bullets to the abdomen and the legs during clashes with IOF.
At approximately 15:00, as a result of indiscriminate shooting at houses by IOF, Reem Mousa al-Najjar, 21, was wounded by a live bullet to the back, when she was inside her house. During their incursion into the area, which continued until 17:00, IOF damaged the two houses they stationed in, razed areas of agricultural land and destroyed the electricity,. Water and telephone networks of the area.
Wednesday, 1 November 2006
1. Tha’er Nasser Jouda, 19;
2. Nidal ‘Atallah Abu ‘Eissa, 19;
3. Ramzi Na’el al-Saqqa, 20; and
4. Jihad ‘Abdul Nasser al-Sayeh, 20.
1. Taimour Mohammed al-Khandaqji, 18;
2. ‘Abdul Majid Mohammed al-Khandaqj, 23; and
3. Hussein Makhlouf, 17.
1. ‘Alaa’ Mahmoud Buraiki, 28; and
2. Rami Rebhi al-Shalabi, 26.
1. Ahmed Mustafa Bilal, 25;
2. Yousef Ahmed Masharqa, 23;
3. Mansour Ahmed Masharqa, 20;
4. Habeeb Ahmed Masharqa, 18;
5. Samer Mahmoud Masharqa, 22;
6. Ahmed Mahmoud Masharqa, 20;
7. Mahmoud ‘Essam Eskander, 19; and
8. Ahmed Saber Turkman, 20.
1. Yousef Mahmoud Abu Tahoun, 26;
2. ‘Abdul Fattah ‘Awadh Ibrahim, 24;
3. Mohammed Mahmoud Baraka, 32;
4. Jasser Nader Abu Zughaib, 23; and
5. Hashem Nader Abu Zughaib.
The last two civilians were released later. During this incursion, dozens of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF military vehicles. Immediately, IOF fired at the children, wounding 5 of them:
1. Mohammed Khaled Zahran, 13, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot;
2. ‘Abdul Nasser ‘Awadh Doush, 15, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot;
3. Wa’el Khalil Habali, 14, wounded by a live bullet to the right shoulder;
4. ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Mahmoud al-Jab’ei, 16, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the head; and
5. ‘Omar Badee’ Ramadan, 16, wounded by a live bullet to the left foot.
Israeli Offensive on Beit Hanoun
In the early morning of Wednesday, 1 November 2006, IOF initiated a wide scale offensive on the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun. The offensive is still on ongoing. IOF have killed 5 members of the Palestinian resistance, one member of the Palestinian National Security Forces and two civilians, and have wounded 41 others, including 8 children and two women.
According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 01:30, at least 70 IOF military vehicles, covered by warplanes, moved into Beit Hanoun from various directions. They seized control over the town and sealed it off from the rest of the Gaza Strip. They raided and searched a number of houses and transformed them into military sites. At approximately 01:40, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a number of members of the Palestinian resistance in the center of the town. As a result, 5 members of the resistance were wounded. Five minutes later, an IOF aircraft fired another missile at the same area, wounding 6 Palestinian civilians from the Abu ‘Amsha family, including two women and a child. At approximately 02:00, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a number of members of the Palestinian National Security Forces, who had vacated their sites and gathered in the center of the town. As a result, one of the, 17-year-old Fayez Mohammed Zwaidi, was killed. IOF continued to fire at houses and at members of the Palestinian resistance. Five members of the resistance were killed:
1. Ahmed Yousef Sa’adat, 23, hit by several live bullets throughout the body;
2. Hussam Mohammed Abu Harbeed, 25, hit by several live bullets throughout the body;
3. Tariq Mustafa Nasser, 23, hit by shrapnel from a missile throughout the body;
4. Mohammed Saleh al-Masri, 22, hit by a live bullet to the back; and
5. Ahmed Zuhair ‘Edwan, 20, hit by several live bullets throughout the body.
At approximately 15:00, IOF soldiers positioned inside a house in the center of the town opened fire at house. A Palestinian civilians, 22-year-old Khalil Nasser Hamad, was killed by a live bullet to the head.
At approximately 20:30, IOF started to storm houses in the town. They moved from one house to another after destroying wall separating between them. During these house raids, Mohammed Mahmoud Fayadh, 49, suffered from a heart attack, when IOF soldiers raided his house. An ambulance was able to evacuate him to the hospital half an hour later, but he died there. As a result of IOF gunfire, additional 25 Palestinians, including 7 children, were wounded. Furthermore, IOF have razed areas of agricultural land and have demolished a number of houses and civilian facilities.
2. Continued Siege on the OPT
IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.
Following an attack launched by Palestinian militants on 25 June 2006 near the Israeli-Egyptian border, southeast of Rafah, which left two IOF soldiers and two of the attackers dead and a third IOF soldier missing, IOF have closed all border crossings of the Gaza Strip:
The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health.
IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Following the attack on IOF on 25 June 2006, IOF prevented fishing. Approximately 35,000 people in and around Gaza’s coastal communities rely on the fishing industry, including 2,500 fishermen, 2,500 support staff and their families. Fishermen have been subjected to intensive monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor the fishermen. On Monday, 30 October 2006, IOF gunboats opened fire at a number of Palestinian fishing boats opposite to Rafah. They them moved towards the boats and arrested 4 fishermen:
1. Ziad ‘Abdul Karim Miqdad, 22;
2. ‘Abdullah ‘Abdul Karim Miqdad, 22;
3. Wadee’ Kamel Shallouf, 18; and
4. Ahmed ‘Omar al-Bardawil, 18.
IOF released the four fishermen after having destroyed their fishing boats.
The West Bank
IOF have imposed a tightened siege on the West Bank. They have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians and imposed curfews on a number of Palestinian communities.
1. Shadi Sa’di Eshti, 16, wounded by shrapnel from a sound bomb to the head;
2. Hussam ‘Abdul Raziq Abu Hussein, 12, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right ear; and
3. ‘Ammar Nafez Abu Snaina, 16, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand.
On Saturday morning, 28 October 2006, IOF erected a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Reema village, northwest of Ramallah. They arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:
1. Rami al-Barghouthi, 34, director of the office of the Minister of Interior in Ramallah;
2. ‘Alaa’ al-Reemawi, 35, advisor for administrative affairs at the Ministry of Women’s Affairs; and
3. Mazen al-Reemawi, director of the office of Change and Reform Bloc in Ramallah.
At approximately 05:30 on Tuesday, 31 October 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at Ennab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Mohammed Nabeel Bani ‘Ouda, 25, a security officer from Tammoun village southeast of Jenin.
At approximately 19:30 on Friday, 20 October 2006, IOF erected a checkpoint on Tubas - ‘Aqqaba village, southeast of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles, and arrested two Palestinians:
1. Mohammed Nayef al-Shaf’ei, 37; and
2. Nash’at Ahmed Maiha, 35, boith from the al-Fara’a refugee camp southeast of Jenin.
At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 30 October 2006, IOF soldiers positioned near Salem military court arrested Ayman Nemer Qandil, 34, from Jenin refugee camp, when he was on his way to the court to attend the trial of his brother who has been detained by IOF.
At approximately 08:30 on Tuesday, 31 October 2006, IOF positioned at a checkpoint at the southern entrance of Jenin arrested ‘Abdul Wahab ‘Abdul Wali Bani ‘Ouda, 23, a security officer from Tammoun village southeast of Jenin.
3. Construction of the Annexation Wall
IOF have continued to prevent Palestinian farmers from reaching their agricultural lands located behind the Annexation Wall to cultivate olives, which constitute the only source of income for hundreds of Palestinian families. According to a number of Palestinian farmers, IOF soldiers positioned at iron gates established on the Wall have continued to prevent them from reaching their lands even though they have valid permits that allow them to cross those gates.
4. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property
Israeli settlers (living in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law) have continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and property:
1. Bassel Ibrahim Salah, 31, seriously injured to the head and the right shoulder;
2. Wa’el Ibrahim Salah, 32, sustained bruises and cuts;
3. Nada ‘Abdul Rahman al-Salman, 53, sustained bruises and cuts;
4. Bilal ‘Abdullah Shana’na, 14, sustained bruises and cuts; and
5. Najah Fayeq Tawil, 33, sustained bruises and cuts.
Recommendations to the International Community
1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.
2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.
3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.
4. PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.
5. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.
6. PCHR calls upon the member States of the EU, and all other states, to adopt a voting pattern at the UN bodies, particularly the General Assembly, Security Council and Commission on Human Rights which is keeping with international law.
7. PCHR demands that the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion be immediately implemented by the international community.
8. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented last year, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.
9. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.
10. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.
11. In light of the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupying forces on access for international organizations to the OPT, PCHR calls upon European countries to deal with Israeli citizens in a similar manner.
12. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) is an independent legal body based in Gaza City dedicated to protecting human rights, promoting the rule of law and upholding democratic principles in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. It holds Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations and is an affiliate of the International Commission of Jurists, the Federation Internationale des Ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), and the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network. PCHR is a recipient of the 1996 French Republic Award for Human Rights.