Four Years of Intifada: Statistical Overview

SUMMARY OF PRESS CONFERENCE WITH DR. MUSTAFA BARGHOUTHI, DIRECTOR OF THE HEALTH DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION AND POLICY INSTITUTE (HDIP)

Palestinian boy confronts Israeli tank in Dheisheh Refugee Camp, 2 July 2002. (Musa Al-Shaer)


Monday, September 27, 2004 — Dr Mustafa Barghouthi began today’s press conference with a summary of recent trends and statistics. The Second Intifada, now entering its 5th year, has seen the world distracted by events in Iraq, enabling Israel to continue violating Palestinians’ Human Rights with complete immunity. The international media remains more accessible to the Israeli side and thus allows Israel to push forward their preferred narrative.

Furthermore, these past years have witnessed a significant deterioration in international support and involvement with the peace process, many becoming disheartened and reluctant having supported the now dead Oslo Peace Process. However, the Intifada has also witnessed the emergence of a new democratic opposition movement, born within the Palestinian Territories, together with a consolidation in support for pioneering, modern Palestinian leaders.

In the years since 1948, the Palestinians have witnessed a consistent decrease in their promised State - now just 11% of historic Palestine (as according to Sharon’s plan). What we are looking at now is not a future Palestinian State, but a series of bantustans.

Death and Injury

In the four years since Sharon’s famous visit to the Haram Al-Sharif we have seen 4,342 Palestinians and Israelis killed. Of those 1,008 were Israeli and 3,334 Palestinian. 82% of Palestinians killed were civilians.

2-3 Palestinians are killed by Israeli soldiers, police or settlers per day. While this number may appear to be low, if this death rate were to be applied to the UK it would be equivalent to 35 being killed per day, and in the US this would be 157 per day.

Since the start of the Intifada on the 28th of September 2000, 621 Palestinian children below the age of 17 have been killed by the Israeli occupation forces. Of this figure 411 were shot with live ammunition and 200 were shot in the head, face or neck. 331 were from the Gaza Strip. 10,000 Palestinian children have been injured.

Dr Barghouthi insisted that there is absolutely no excuse to justify the killing of such a huge number of children. What is equally disturbing is the telling figures of injuries received to the head - Israeli forces were obviously shooting to kill. In fact the majority of Palestinians killed have suffered injuries to the head and upper body.

424 Palestinians have died in extrajudicial executions (assassinations). 186 of those were bystanders or “unintended” victims, killed as they were near the victim. 39 bystanders were children and 26 were women. With regards to extrajudicial assassinations, in Gaza while 72 Palestinians died in targeted killings, a shocking 118 bystanders were additionally killed in these attacks.

Palestinian Prisoners

Israel continues to make use of an old emergency law that dates back to the British Mandate. This law allows Israel to arrest and detain anyone for an unlimited time without charging them. There are currently 78 Palestinian children in administrative detention.

There are also currently 100 Palestinian women and 377 children in Israeli prisons. 80% of the children are routinely tortured or harassed and 31% suffer from disease.

Health

30% of Palestinian children suffer from chronic malnutrition. The number of pregnant women unable to receive any medical attention during their pregnancy is now five times higher than figures before September 2000.

Economy

More than one billion dollars worth of Palestinian infrastructure has been destroyed by Israeli forces and more than 200 million dollars of this has been donor financed. Since the start of the Intifada the Palestinian GDP has decreased by 50% and agricultural losses have amounted to more than one million dollars.

Education

Israeli forces have shelled or broken into 298 Palestinian schools. 4 young children were shot in the head in UNRWA-run schools in Gaza in 2004 alone.

Water and the Evolution of Apartheid

Since September 2000, the price of water in the Palestinian Territories has increased from $2.5 per cubic meter to $7.5 per cubic meter. And only a shocking 70 litres per person per day is consumed in the West Bank for domestic, urban AND industrial use. 200 Palestinian communities have no access to a clean water supply.

In the Gaza Strip we can no longer forecast a disaster because it has already begun. There is no water supply in Gaza that is fit for drinking.

Every Israeli citizen consumes five times more water than the Palestinians. Illegal settlers living in the West Bank consume 20 times more water than the Palestinians living there.

Movement Restrictions

There are currently 703 movement restrictions in the West Bank alone. As an example of the effects on Palestinian everyday life that this has caused, whilst a journey from Ramallah to Hebron should take around one hour, it has taken up to twelve hours for many Palestinians.

86 Palestinians have already died because of movement restrictions, and this figure includes 30 children. Had these people been allowed to travel, they would have probably survived. In addition at least 55 women have been forced to give birth at checkpoints with 20 losing their children.

The Wall

The Wall is three times as long and twice as high as the Berlin Wall. In Qalqilia 40,000 residents are imprisoned within the Wall in what can only be described as a ghetto. As well as those imprisoned inside the wall the residents of surrounding villages now placed on the western (Israeli) side of the Wall have been cut of entirely from schools, jobs, healthcare and family.

Many in fact have lost all access to the outside world is controlled by 11 Israeli manned gates which are collectively only opened for a total of 55 minutes per day. Anyone who wishes to enter or leave Qalqilia must have special permission - even patients and medical services. Qalqilia residents claim that they can no longer see the sunset.

Whilst there is talk about adjustments to the Wall’s route, there are in fact no changes other than mere cosmetic alterations. What we are witnessing is not just the building of the Wall it is the destruction of a two state solution.

Disengagement in Gaza and the Road Map to Peace

Sharon only accepted the Road Map as it was approved by the Israeli Cabinet and this was with 15 reservations, the first being a refusal to freeze any settlement building. At the same time whilst Sharon talks about removing settlements in the West Bank, he is referring to 4 that exist in the north of the West Bank, that exist on land that can not be enclaved by the Wall. The other existing settlements will of course remain because they exist on land that Israel plans to appropriate through the Wall and enclaves.

Unfortunately, with regards to Sharon’s Gaza Plan most of the world’s media mistakenly continues to refer to it as a “withdrawal”. In fact Sharon never referred to a “withdrawal”. What he actually said was that they would redeploy from Gaza but the military would still enter at any time they deemed appropriate. In Rafah, the Israeli forces are destroying on average 6 houses per day in order to clear a passage separating Gaza from Egypt, which will grant them full border control. So far, 2,200 homes have been demolished in this area alone.

Periods of “Relative Calm?

During this last year of the Intifada, there has been a serious rise in mass popular support for nonviolent resistance. This is why suicide attacks against Israel have significantly depleted, not because of the Wall. However, this has certainly not encouraged Israeli forces to stop attacking Palestinians.

Between March 15 and August 31, 2004, the international media talked of a period of “relative calm” purely because there were no suicide attacks against Israel. However, the following days of March saw 45 Palestinians dead with no Israeli casualties; April saw 56 Palestinians dead compared with 3 Israelis; and May saw 116 Palestinians dead (the majority during Israel’s “Operation Rainbow” in Rafah) compared with 19 Israelis.

It must be noted that of the total Israelis killed, 18 were soldiers, 10 were illegal settlers, and only 3 were civilians. This means that during a period of practical ceasefire on the part of the Palestinians, Israel continued to kill civilians at a rate of 12:1. If Sharon was at all serious about wanting a peaceful solution, genuine advantage could have been taken during this period of quiet, instead he proceeded to kill more Palestinians than at any other time since the beginning of the Intifada, other than the March/April 2002 invasions (“Operation Defensive Sheild”).

Palestinian Elections and Future Democracy?

Israeli forces have closed six election registration offices in Jerusalem as well as others across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Dr Barghouthi stressed that this is totally unacceptable and if the Palestinians are to achieve reform through democratic process, then the international community must do more than condemn these recent actions, they must demand that Israel reopens the offices. Democracy he insisted is a precondition not only for reform but also for lasting peace, a peace based on justice.

Dr Barghouthi concluded the press conference by declaring that unfortunately, he was almost 100% sure he would be greeting the same audience at a press conference to mark the fifth anniversary of the Intifada. As of yet, there has been no reason for the Palestinians to stop resisting - “either we live as slaves under an occupation or we continue to struggle for freedom”, and the latter he insisted is the path that will be taken.

A breakdown of the statistics for the four years of Intifada quoted in Dr Barghouthi’s presentation is available on the Palestine Monitor website. All statistics are based on information available at the time of calculation. For updates, check www.palestinemonitor.org.