Coping with the scorching sun

A boy smiles as water is poured over his head

Omar al-Atrash, 10, is delighted to cool down under a bucketful of water.

Sanad Latefa

In Gaza, we call them the “blockade years.”

For the past 13 years, more than two million people in the Gaza Strip have suffered constant electricity cuts because of Israel’s suffocating siege that has drastically limited the supply of fuel and seen the only power station here fall into disrepair.

The effect is most acutely felt in the summer heat, when there is insufficient ventilation and cooling facilities to deal with temperatures that are easily in the 30s celsius/high 80s fahrenheit.

People find ways to cope. The beach, especially in the evening, is a favored destination.

The sun sets over the sea behind a vendor on Gaza beach

It’s when the sun sets, that Palestinians in Gaza can finally find some relief to enjoy their evenings.

Sanad Latefa

The streets also come alive as the sun starts to sink. That is when vendors know they can hope for some sales, even from impoverished customers, as the oppressive heat finally gives way.

A vendor touts for business on a Gaza street

When the sun begins to set, people come out and vendors try to capitalize.

Sanad Latefa

But it is during the day that people have to be creative. Salwa Abu Nimer, 37, from Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip, sprays the walls of her house with water, every hour, for the sake of her seven children who cannot bear the high temperatures.

“I have children who can’t stand this intense heat and they always ask me about the electricity. They are tired of this difficult life. I try to ease their discomfort by spraying the walls of the house with water,” she said.

A woman throws a bucketful of water onto a wall

Salwa Abu Nimer throws water on the wall of her home in an attempt at keeping the dwelling cool.

Sanad Latefa

Water is not always available in a household where no one has a regular job. But the relief from the heat makes this splashing necessary, even if water is then scarce for a day or two. It is the only option to cool down.

When there is no water at home, Raghad, 11, goes to fill water containers, sometimes from neighbors, sometimes she has to walk an hour to find a supply. She pours water over her younger sisters and brothers who struggle with the high temperatures.

“My little sister can’t stand the heat and asks me to put water on her head until she feels her body cool down a bit,” she told The Electronic Intifada.

A girl carries a bucket of water on her shoulder

Raghad, 11, brings water to her home, which is often without its own supply.

Sanad Latefa

It’s also fun. The kids play with the water and for a moment, at least, they feel some relief.

Ismail al-Atrash, 35, sees his children struggling to sleep at night because of the intense heat. When the electricity is cut, he says his home in Khan Younis is like an oven. To cool the interior at night, he sprinkles the floors and walls.

“I have a child who is very sick due to the heat,” said al-Atrash, who occasionally secures work transporting goods on a donkey cart. “There are red spots everywhere on his body. Every evening I spray the walls with water. I think it is the only way to avoid living in a bonfire.”

A girl laughs as water is poured over her head

Malak Abu Nimer, 3, finds some relief from the stifling heat.

Sanad Latefa

But water is at a premium in Gaza. In 2018, Israel allowed more fuel in and, combined with electricity purchased from Israel, this means Palestinians in Gaza now have an average of 10-15 hours of electricity a day.

This is an improvement and has allowed greater access to water and sanitation in the impoverished coastal strip.

But a staggering 97 percent of Gaza’s piped water is unfit for human consumption, while 26 percent of all illnesses in Gaza is caused by contaminated water.

With Gaza’s aquifer near depletion because of over extraction, water and electricity scarcity, combined with the Israeli ban on imports of materials to rebuild Gaza, are the main reasons why a 2012 UN report warned that Gaza could become uninhabitable this year.

“We may not have water for three days,” said Samer al-Atrash, the spouse of Ismail. “We continue to suffer between the power cuts and the lack of water. We deserve to live a better life.”

Children play with kites and adults watch as sun goes down over Gaza beach

Once evening falls, the beach fills, safe from a scorching afternoon sun.

Sanad Latefa

Scorching summer temperatures, the lack of electricity and water, certainly makes Gaza feel unlivable on some particularly hot afternoons.

“I don’t think that there is anyone in the world who can afford to spend the summer without electricity or sufficient water,” said Suad Zarai, 55, who sits outside her home in Khan Younis all day with her children in a bid to keep them cool. “We have to live with almost nothing, and we may die at any time.”

Ruwaida Amer is a journalist based in Gaza

Sanad Latefa is a photographer based in Gaza.