UNESCO funding cut over Palestine vote may harm US economy

1 November 2011

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A bill introduced to US Congress seeks to cut funding to UNRWA if the Palestinian Authority continues to pursue statehood at the UN.

(Mohammed Asad / APA images)

WASHINGTON (IPS) - The administration of US President Barack Obama announced Monday that it would immediately cut US funding for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, just hours after UNESCO’s governing board voted overwhelmingly to grant Palestine full membership.

State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland, who noted that Washington had been scheduled to pay $60 million in dues to UNESCO next week, said the cut was required under legislation that bans US contributions to the UN or any of its specialized agencies that grants Palestine membership as a state.

“Today’s vote by the member states of UNESCO to admit Palestine as a member is regrettable, premature and undermines our shared goal of a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East,” she said, insisting that Washington still supports Palestinian statehood but only if it is “realized through direct negotiations” with Israel.

Those negotiations have been held up for more than a year as a result of Israel’s refusal to freeze its settlement expansion in the occupied West Bank, as demanded by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.

Nuland also stressed Washington’s strong support for the Paris-based agency, noting that it “serves a wide range of our national interests on education, science, culture and communications issues” and that the US “will maintain its membership in and commitment to UNESCO.”

But Washington could lose its vote in the agency if it fails to pay dues for two years, she noted. She also expressed concern that Monday’s vote could herald a “cascade” of similar votes in other UN specialized agencies that would require Washington to cut funding to them.

Despite heavy lobbying by US diplomats, 107 nations voted in favor of Palestinian membership, while only 14 countries opposed it. Fifty-two countries abstained, while 21 states were absent. Admission as a new member requires a two-thirds majority vote by UNESCO’s General Conference.

Voting against Palestinian membership with the US and Israel were Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Sweden, Panama and a handful of South Pacific island-nations.

The European Union, which has proved unable to unite around a common Middle East policy, was deeply split. In addition to those EU members voting against, Britain, Denmark, Portugal, and half a dozen Central European countries abstained, whereas Belgium, France, Spain, Finland, Austria, Slovenia, Greece, Cyprus and Ireland voted for the resolution.

Both China and Russia, two of the five permanent Security Council members, also voted in favor, as did the rest of the so-called “BRICS” — Brazil, India and South Africa — all the members of the Arab League, and several other emerging powers, notably Indonesia, Turkey and Nigeria.

Perks of UN membership

The vote follows last month’s formal application by Abbas, acting as chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which represents Palestine diplomatically, to the UN Security Council for statehood status. The US has threatened to veto the application, which is currently under study by UN technical experts, if and when it comes to a vote.

The US currently funds about 22 percent of UNESCO’s budget, or about $80 million per year. Withdrawing any portion of that amount could seriously affect the agency’s many operations.

Moreover, membership in UNESCO normally translates into automatic membership in several other UN agencies, including the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), as a result of reciprocity agreements between them.

Indeed, senior State Department officials and the US Patent and Trademark Office met with representatives of several leading US companies and business associations Monday to discuss the possible implications for their relations with WIPO, whose work forms much of the legal basis for protecting intellectual property rights around the world.

“In the last year alone, dozens of major American companies brought cases before WIPO — the American Automobile Association, Apple, The North Face, Costco and Facebook, to name just a few,” noted former senator Timothy Wirth, president of the UN Foundation in Washington.

“If Palestine joins WIPO, the United States will have to pull out, limiting its ability to steer policies in ways that advance American economic interests and create jobs here at home.”

Given the margin of Monday’s vote, moreover, it looks almost certain that the Palestinians will be admitted to other specialized agencies, including some, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), that are important for US national security, according to Wirth and other analysts.

The IAEA, among other things, carries out inspections of nuclear facilities in Iran, North Korea and other signatories of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Widespread possible repercussions

“Should the United States stop paying membership dues to the IAEA — which it could be forced to do under current legislation if Palestine is admitted as a member — the United States would give up our vote on the executive board,” Wirth wrote in a column published Monday by The Huffington Post (“Let US lead”). “It would literally lose a seat at the table during the next nuclear crisis.”

“As long as these laws remain on the books, Congress is setting the stage for America’s waning influence over international affairs,” wrote Wirth, who called for businesses and non-governmental organizations to “take a stand and urge Congress to give the President the flexible authority needed [to] protect our national security and economic interests.”

But as Washington enters a presidential election year, the chances of the current congress, particularly its Republican House of Representatives, amending the legislation are “low to non-existent,” according to Lara Friedman, director of policy and government relations at Americans for Peace Now (APN), a Zionist peace group.

“Given what appears to be an overwhelming view in Congress that the Palestinian effort to gain legitimacy at the UN is tantamount to a new form of terrorism against Israel, it seems like that if [the current law] didn’t already exist, the 112th Congress would invent it.”

Indeed, the House Foreign Affairs Chair, Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, has introduced her own legislation that would not only ban US funding to any UN agency that grants statehood status to Palestine, but also eliminate all funding for the Palestinian Authority and UNRWA, the UN agency for Palestine refugees, if Abbas continues seeking statehood status.

“Today’s reckless action by UNESCO is anti-Israel and anti-peace,” she said Monday, referring to the Palestinian bid as a “dangerous scheme to bypass negotiations with Israel.”

But APN said Monday’s vote should be “a wake-up call to Israel, the Obama administration, and the US Congress.”

“The status quo — in which Israel continues to pursue policies that are anathema to the two-state solution and in which the Obama administration is unable or unwilling to exercise convincing leadership to restore credibility to its peace policy — will lead only to further isolation and marginalization of both Israel and the United States in the international community,” the group warned.

Jim Lobe’s blog on US foreign policy can be read at http://www.lobelog.com.

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